Monitoring durability of new concrete bridge decks

2001-08-03
Aktan, Haluk M.
Yaman, İsmail Özgür
Staton, John F.
The ND durability monitoring procedure, which measures the soundness of field concrete, is based on the fundamental relationship between ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV) and permeability of an elastic medium. An experimental study documented adequate sensitivity between UPV and concrete permeability. The durability monitoring procedure is based on a parameter developed as part of this study and called paste quality loss (PQL) which is computed from the probability density function parameters of ultrasonic pulse velocity measurements taken from standard and field concrete. For PQL computation, measurements taken on standard concrete specimens, which are made from field concrete mixture, are compared to field measurements. The verification tests on 1000 nun x 1500 mm x 230 mm lab-deck specimens indicated that the PQL parameter computed from the UPV measurements as early as the 28th day is a good predictor of soundness. The UPV measurements made at increasing age of concrete very clearly document the rapid loss of soundness of improperly cured concrete decks. Deck replacement projects on three NHS bridges were used in the implementation of durability monitoring by PQL (paste quality loss) evaluation. The respective 56-day PQL's were calculated as 15%, 31% and 9% indicating a significant variability in the three bridges.
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

Suggestions

Test method for appraising future durability of new concrete bridge decks
Yaman, İsmail Özgür; Aktan, H.M.; Hearn, N.; Staton, J.F. (SAGE Publications, 2002-01-01)
The nondestructive test procedure for quantifying the future durability of bridge deck concrete is based on the fundamental relationship between ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV) and the permeability of an elastic medium. An experimental study using standard concrete cylindrical specimens (ASTM C192) documented adequate sensitivity between UPV and permeability. The test procedure uses a parameter directly proportional to increase in-field concrete permeability called paste quality loss (PQL). The PQL is compu...
Analysis of preformed plasma condition of Ni-like Mo X-ray laser media
İnce, Sevi; Bilikmen, Kadri Sinan; Department of Physics (2006)
The aim of this work is to produce X-ray laser source from a plasma produced by focusing a pulsed laser beam on a solid target. Preformed Molybdenum plasma is created by using Nd:YAG laser pulses with a pulse duration 6 ns and pulse intensity 5.09x1011 W/cm2. Detailed simulations of Ni-like Mo X-ray laser media are undertaken using the EHYBRID code which is a hydrodynamic code. X-ray resonance lines between 25 Å and 40 Å emitted from the molybdenum plasma have been obtained and analysed. EHYBRID code also g...
Transient dynamic response of viscoelastic cylinders enclosed in filament wound cylindrical composites
Şen, Özge; Turhan, Doğan; Department of Engineering Sciences (2005)
In this study, transient dynamic response of viscoelastic cylinders enclosed in filament wound cylindrical composites is investigated. Thermal effects, in addition to mechanical effects, are taken into consideration. A generalized thermoelasticity theory which incorporates the temperature rate among the constitutive variables and is referred to as temperature-rate dependent thermoelasticity theory is employed. This theory predicts finite heat propagation speeds. The body considered in this thesis consists o...
Nonlinear resonances of axially functionally graded beams rotating with varying speed including Coriolis effects
Lotfan, Saeed; Anamagh, Mirmeysam Rafiei; Bediz, Bekir; Ciğeroğlu, Ender (2021-11-01)
The purpose of the current study was to develop an accurate model to investigate the nonlinear resonances in an axially functionally graded beam rotating with time-dependent speed. To this end, two important features including stiffening and Coriolis effects are modeled based on nonlinear strain relations. Equations governing the axial, chordwise, and flapwise deformations about the determined steady-state equilibrium position are obtained, and the rotating speed variation is considered as a periodic distur...
Monitoring the microstructural changes during tempering of quenched SAE 5140 steel by magnetic barkhausen noise
Davut, Kemal; Gür, Cemil Hakan (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2007-12-01)
The aim of this work is to characterize the microstructures of quenched and tempered steels non-destructively by a diverse set of parameters of the Magnetic Barkhausen Noise method (MBN fingerprint, frequency spectra, pulse height distribution, root-mean-square, and total number of pulses). Identical specimens from a SAE 5140 steel bar were prepared. All specimens were austenitized at 860 degrees C for 30 minutes and water-quenched identically. The quenched specimens were then tempered at various temperatur...
Citation Formats
H. M. Aktan, İ. Ö. Yaman, and J. F. Staton, “Monitoring durability of new concrete bridge decks,” Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, pp. 86–94, 2001, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/44581.