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Integration of immoveable cultural heritage to contemporary urban areas: the case of Ankara Castle

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2019
Kalpaklı, Ali Sinan
Cultural heritage buildings and sites are reminiscent of the layers of culture, history and the settlements that have existed in the past. These historic layers are significant as they give us information about our past and guide us to our future, as we coexist with these layers of heritage. Contemporary cities are changing with globalization and rapid urbanization; consequently these cultural heritage areas are being neglected, and losing their existence in everyday life. As cities shift to individualism and disunity, the concept of integration must be introduced to the notion of planning, to create a cohesive society, thus a unified city that also exalts its cultural and historic values. Integration is researched in fields of study, profoundly in social sciences and planning to determine a definition that is inclusive for contemporary planning and cultural heritage. Thus integration is separated into three attributes: physical, economic and social; to define the vital parts of daily life and planning. The aim of this research entails whether or not cultural heritage areas are integrated to contemporary urban areas. A single case study focusing on the Ankara Castle is analyzed according to these integrational attributes using survey, observation and document analysis. The castle is regarded as an entity as the relationship between people and space are examined according to the study area. Conclusively the integration in the Ankara Castle is problematic, with dismal transportation options and natural challenges, lack of services and activities, and disjointed social construct, planning whilst conserving the area must ensue to integrate the castle to the contemporary urban life.