The museumification of prisons in Tehran and Sulaymaniyah: power, collective memory and hegemony

Gaillard, Xavier
The purpose of this work is to analyze and compare from the lenses of power two former detention centers which have been turned into museums: Amna Suraka in Sulaymaniyah (Northern Iraq) and Ebrat in Tehran (Iran). These are memory sites condemning the former abuses of previous regimes’ police and intelligence apparatuses. The thesis looks at the rhetorical discourse they exhibit and combines it with distinct theories from the the social sciences – namely power relations, symbolic power, hegemony and populism- to better understand how they perceive their own national identities and pasts. To achieve this, the analysis focuses on the relationships these sites maintain with history, memory and space; and by taking into consideration specific details and over-arching traits. The resulting conclusion posits that even though these sites differ notably in terms of museographical presentation, style and content, they both share a similar fascistic investment in memory in how they attempt to fabricate a wider and permanent history. They can be observed as the result of hegemonic projects obeying to the logics of populism in regards to how they utilize trauma; and that they can be observed as nodal points in a wider urban-memorial network constructing the identity of their respective nations.


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Hızır, Agah; Altunışık, Meliha; Department of Eurasian Studies (2006)
The objective of this thesis is to analyze the Khatami Period of 1997-2005 in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The Reform Movement that brought Khatami to the presidency and the grounds of the incongruity between the discourse and the outcomes of the movement is examined. The reasons of this incongruity are the focus of this study. The structure of the thesis is as follows: In the first chapter, a brief summary of the history of democracy in Iran is examined, since in Iran without a historical perspective, it ...
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A controversial large-scale project at the historic core of the city of Urmia in Iran, has been the starting point of the present study. The Imam Square project was enthusiastically proposed as a solution for the revitalization of the decayed areas in the historic city center. However, the failure of the first phase of the project has given rise to serious doubts about its progress for approximately eight years. The present study argues that without understanding the morphological logic of a city and its ev...
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The Comparison of Institutional Frameworks Regarding Risk Management for Conservation of Cultural Heritage by Focusing on UNESCO World Heritage Sites: The Cases of the UK, Japan and Turkey
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The aim of this study is to investigate different institutional frameworks that deals with the management of UNESCO World Heritage Sites (hereafter WHS) under the threats of natural and technological hazards in other countries in comparison with Turkey. While doing this it is also aimed to figure out the factors that threat those sites. In this regard, first of all the international agenda regarding the conservation of cultural heritage in relation to risk management are discussed. Then, three different cou...
A bibliometric analysis of physics publications from Middle Eastern countries
Uzun, A (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 1996-06-01)
I studied the publication efforts in physics in Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Turkey in terms of a total number of 2368 papers from these countries in international journals for 1990-1994. I looked for the national contributions, main subjects of activity, journal preferences of authors, and co-authorship patterns. Comparisons show that physicists from Egypt and Turkey combined, produced 75% of the total publication output. Half of the Egyptian papers went only to 16% of a set of 115 j...
Citation Formats
X. Gaillard, “The museumification of prisons in Tehran and Sulaymaniyah: power, collective memory and hegemony,” Thesis (M.S.) -- Graduate School of Social Sciences. Middle East Studies., Middle East Technical University, 2019.