The Evolution of the Shiite politics and militancy in Iraq: the case of Hashd Al-Shaabi

Çökenoğlu, Taylan
The Iraqi Shiite Islamic movement, which aims to combat western ideologies at the end of the 1950s and to mobilize the Shiite masses in this struggle, is one of the most prominent activist movements in the Shiite world. This movement, which aims to transform the Shiite society and to establish an Islamic state by reaching the state apparatus, has been divided and transformed into many Shiite political and militia movements. The changes within the Iraqi state apparatus were influential in the transformation process of the Iraqi Shiite Islamic movement as well as the regional developments that could be considered as a turning point. Hashd Al-Shaabi, formed in 2014, against the ISIS, the fundemantalist organization that occupied one-third of Iraq, is an umbrella paramilitary organization composed of rival political and militia groups that emerged as a result of the historical transformation of the Iraqi Shiite Islamic movement even though its groups gathered for the common purpose of fighting against ISIS. In this respect, this thesis will focus on the historical transformation process of the Iraqi Shiite Islamic politics and will deal with explaining the reflections of this transformation on Hashdi Shabi, which is a heterogeneous organization.


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Citation Formats
T. Çökenoğlu, “The Evolution of the Shiite politics and militancy in Iraq: the case of Hashd Al-Shaabi,” Thesis (M.S.) -- Graduate School of Social Sciences. Middle East Studies., Middle East Technical University, 2019.