Transformation pathways toward a sustainable energy system in Turkey

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2019
Fathurrahman, Fahman.
The important factors for designing and implementing a sustainable energy system consist of a sufficient, affordable, secure, and environmentally sound energy supply along with the efficient use of energy. Given its high dependency on foreign energy resources, the current energy system in Turkey is far from satisfying the criteria of a sustainable energy system. In addition, relying solely on fossil fuels is no longer a proper alternative mainly due to its impact on climate change and vastly diminishing resources. As the economy is expected to grow, proper planning and transformation pathway towards a more sustainable energy system is deemed necessary. This will involve a complete change in energy system’s structure over the next decades. The system involved is quite complex, with new technologies, multiple agents, and new policies and actions. In order to realize a sustainable energy configuration, fossil fuel consumption would need to be reduced while significant proportion of renewable energy should be integrated to current energy system. In this study, several scenarios that reflect a sustainable energy system in Turkey will be developed, quantified, and assessed with the application of a Turkish energy model. Next, necessary actions in order to bring structural transitions in the current energy system will be proposed. The results of the study may contribute new insights on probable sustainable energy system in Turkey. The study will also provide pathway suggestions on how the transformation to such an energy system would be realized.

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Citation Formats
F. Fathurrahman, “Transformation pathways toward a sustainable energy system in Turkey,” Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences. Earth System Science., Middle East Technical University, 2019.