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The dialogue between community archaeology and livelihoods in rural context: the case of Komana /Tokat.

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2020
İlter, Ceren
Cultural and archaeological heritage, as a reflection of elapsed time, conveys both the traces of past belonging to its immediate territory and also carries them into the future. Throughout centuries new and different layers bearing differing values interweave to contribute to the significance of cultural assets in an intricate way. The cultural, economic, and social dynamics of the territory, where the cultural heritage exists, is shaped by this interwoven and authentic pattern. However, singular and stereotyped implementations focusing only on the conservation of sites and the economic development of rural territories disregarding socio-cultural are remained restricted without an integrated approach. In this framework, the notion of archaeological heritage is reconsidered and integrated with the dynamics of the landscape, which is a conducive resource for subsistence. The study especially explores how the local community and the local governmental institutions responded to the archaeology studies in Komana. The contribution of archaeological and community work to sustainable conservation of archaeological values as well as the livelihoods of the local community are investigated. While a methodology with a more in-depth approach, which includes the problems and perceptions of each party towards the issue with participatory action methods, was developed specially for this study, other studies conducted from the beginning of the project in Komana are also analyzed. Hereby, a guide map has been created in order to lead towards a more efficient community archaeology in the future with obtained experience and to contribute to local development by conserving both archaeological heritage values and resources of livelihoods.