Time as the ground of transcendence: a dialogue between Kant and Heidegger

Beşkardeşler, Sedef
In this dissertation, I attempt to present a critical dialogue between Immanuel Kant and Martin Heidegger in terms of time. Heidegger sees his own project of the interpretation of Critique of Pure Reason as a retrieval (Wiederholung) of the problem of the ground laying of metaphysics. I do aim at furthering the dialogue first by basing my reading on the way that Heidegger interprets Kant and second by tracing what Heidegger should have thought within the relevant context. In this regard, my project is to pursue the way that Heidegger derives his understanding of temporality and transcendence from his reading of Critique of Pure Reason which at the same time offers a novel evaluation concerning the main yet subtle themes of the latter, such as time as pure image. Although it is commonly acknowledged that Heidegger is indebted to Kant for his own understanding of temporality, the resultant view he came up with has given rise to strong approvals or rejections. Although those reactions definitely have significance in the literature, Heidegger’s methodology seems to remain unquestioned to a great extent. The dissertation in its culmination aims to fill this lacuna in the relevant literature — and it does so, on the one hand, by putting Heidegger’s methodology into question and, on the other, by indicating an alternative reading regarding the relationship between temporality and transcendence. I suggest that Heidegger’s derivation of temporality from Kant’s threefold synthesis is untenable, yet — as he says for Kant — he indeed does have insight into the inconspicuous, i.e., the pure image of time, which I take to be the only possible background against which Heidegger should and could have characterized temporality as transcendence.