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Effects of neoliberal islamist conservative policies on urban space: Mosques in İstanbul

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2019
Dağ, Elif Simay
This thesis tries to demonstrate that the dense mosqueization in the cities of Turkey depends on the neoliberal and Islamist conservative policies and urban space is densely used as a tool to consolidate Islamist conservatism. In this direction, the concepts of neoliberalism and conservatism are discussed and the New Right arising from the combination of these two concepts is examined. Since (social) space is a (social) product, the dialectical relationship of spatial organization with social structure and the effects of the modes of production on the production of space are discussed. Also, neoliberal and Islamist conservative aspects of urbanization in Turkey were examined and the mosque, which is also the most important spatial element of Islam, came forward as an important structure of urbanization of Turkey during the last 20 years. Mosques are built as large and imposing structures in the most visible points of the cities and in the areas of great importance in social memory, regardless of the need. In this context, due to its historical importance, Istanbul stands out as a city where urban identity is desired to be moved to an Islamist conservative point and interventions in this character are quite high on urban space. Within the scope of the study, Istanbul urban area was examined and the quantitative and spatial data of public institutions were used for case study analysis. When the Islamist conservative city and society imagination supported by neoliberal urban policies is examined through Istanbul, it can be seen that the regulations made in the zoning legislation to increase the mosqueization are completely away from the principles of urbanism, scientificness and rationality, and Islamist conservative policies are completely contrary to the definition of secular and democratic social law state in the Constitution.