Effects of neoliberal islamist conservative policies on urban space: Mosques in İstanbul

Download
2019
Dağ, Elif Simay
This thesis tries to demonstrate that the dense mosqueization in the cities of Turkey depends on the neoliberal and Islamist conservative policies and urban space is densely used as a tool to consolidate Islamist conservatism. In this direction, the concepts of neoliberalism and conservatism are discussed and the New Right arising from the combination of these two concepts is examined. Since (social) space is a (social) product, the dialectical relationship of spatial organization with social structure and the effects of the modes of production on the production of space are discussed. Also, neoliberal and Islamist conservative aspects of urbanization in Turkey were examined and the mosque, which is also the most important spatial element of Islam, came forward as an important structure of urbanization of Turkey during the last 20 years. Mosques are built as large and imposing structures in the most visible points of the cities and in the areas of great importance in social memory, regardless of the need. In this context, due to its historical importance, Istanbul stands out as a city where urban identity is desired to be moved to an Islamist conservative point and interventions in this character are quite high on urban space. Within the scope of the study, Istanbul urban area was examined and the quantitative and spatial data of public institutions were used for case study analysis. When the Islamist conservative city and society imagination supported by neoliberal urban policies is examined through Istanbul, it can be seen that the regulations made in the zoning legislation to increase the mosqueization are completely away from the principles of urbanism, scientificness and rationality, and Islamist conservative policies are completely contrary to the definition of secular and democratic social law state in the Constitution.

Suggestions

Impact of internal migration on political participation in Turkey
Akarca, Ali T.; Tansel, Aysıt (2015-01-01)
The Impact of population mobility on provincial turnout rates in the 2011 Turkish parliamentary election is studied, controlling for the effects of other socio-economic, demographic, political and institutional factors. Consequences of migration both at destinations and origins are considered. According to the robust regressions estimated, the relationship between turnout and education is inverse U-shaped, and between turnout and age (including generational effects), it is U-shaped. Immigration, emigration,...
Privatization of security and the transformation of the modern bourgeois state in the neoliberal era: the case of Turkey
Dölek, Çağlar; Bedirhanoğlu Toker, Pınar; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2011)
This thesis problematizes the phenomenon of privatization of security within the context of the neoliberal transformation of the capitalist state in Turkey. On the basis of the critique of neo-Weberian and Foucauldian literatures, it attempts to construct its peculiar theoretical-historical pathway on the relationship between state-coercion-class. It problematizes the historical constitution of this relationship within the context of the historical specificity of the capitalist state power. In this regard, ...
An Ethnic group embedded in multiple identities: the case of Iraqi Turkmens in Turkey
Yıldız, Tunahan; Çıtak Aytürk, Zana Ayşe; Department of International Relations (2016)
The Iraqi Turkmens have remained on the agenda of Turkish foreign policy, media and society on different occasions for many years. They have been at the heart of many critical issues in Iraq due to their strategic location despite their relatively underestimated political position. In addition, the Iraqi Turkmen society offers an appropriate case to analyze different identities in the Middle East. With reference to these two interrelated facts, this thesis is an attempt to understand the identity of the Ira...
Impacts of policies after 1980 on public buildings: the “unoccupied” buildings of Emlakbank, Sümerbank and Tekel in Ulus in Ankara
Şahin, Özge; Gür, Berin Fatma; Department of Architecture (2008)
This thesis examines the “unoccupied” buildings in Ankara, which are not refunctioned due to the social, political, and economic reasons after 1980s. 1980s can be accepted as the breaking point in the social, economic and political history of Turkey. The significant policy of this period is the privatization of the governmental institutions, which includes the institutions of service, production and also finance. The building stock of privatized institutions is sold or assigned to the other institutions, or...
On the trajectory of urbanisation in Turkey - An attempt at periodisation
Şengül, Hüseyin Tarık (Liverpool University Press, 2003-05-01)
The main objective of this article is to provide a periodisation of the Turkish urban experience by dividing it into three distinct phases: the urbanisation of the state in the context of nation-state formation; the urbanisation of labour power in the context of rapid migration from rural areas; and finally the urbanisation of capital in the context of globalisation. The article argues that recent trends point to a striking socio-spatial polarisation as well as to fragmentation in the Turkish cities.
Citation Formats
E. S. Dağ, “Effects of neoliberal islamist conservative policies on urban space: Mosques in İstanbul,” Thesis (M.S.) -- Graduate School of Social Sciences. Urban Policy Planning and Local Governments., Middle East Technical University, 2019.