An archaeometrical investigation on provenance and technological properties of Seljuk period pottery from Komana (Tokat)

Download
2020
Er, Mehmet Bilgi
The archaeological excavation at Komana (Tokat) unearthed great number of pottery reflecting wide variety in decorations and archaeological evidences including biscuit-fired pottery and tripod stilts showing local production of glazed pottery dated back to Seljuk period (12 – early 14th centuries). In this study, analytical techniques were used to identify the local compositional groups and import wares in the pottery collection, the production technology of local pottery, and to locate the clay used for the production of pottery samples from Komana. The samples from the clay pastes of glazed and unglazed pottery, biscuit-fired pottery, tripods and soil samples were analysed with optical microscope, XRD and ICP-MS techniques. Statistical methods including two sample t-test, cluster and principal component analysis were carried out to identify the patterns in data produced from chemical analysis. Pottery samples were classified into six compositional groups based on the variations in their mineralogical and chemical compositions. The analysis results showed that majority of glazed pottery and local reference samples supported a single production in Komana. Compositional affinity between local group, unglazed moulded wares and coarsewares indicated that vi moulded wares were produced from same local clay source with different recipes and firing regimes. Observations of variations in the petro-mineralogical composition of local groups presented deviations in the clay paste due to the fractionation and firing parameters in the production process. Few samples of monochrome turquoise glazed pottery having calcareous paste were identified as import wares. Chemical and mineralogical analysis of soil samples showed that the most optimal clay for glazed pottery production is alluvial deposits from the banks of Yeşilırmak River. The mineralogical composition of the deposit from Yeşilırmak river consist of illite/mica, calcite, quartz, feldspar and hornblende overlaps with the paste of local glazed pottery. This thesis is the first study using archaeometrical analysis presented provenance and production technology of local glazed pottery of Komana. Compositional groups created with this study will contribute the prospective research focusing on understanding of regional economic, political and cultural interactions in Black Sea region.

Suggestions

Improved methodology for identification of Goktepe white marble and the understanding of its use: A comparison with Carrara marble
Wielgosz-Rondolino, Dagmara; Antonelli, Fabrizio; Bojanowski, Maciej J.; Gladki, Marcin; Göncüoğlu, Mehmet Cemal; Lazzarini, Lorenzo (2020-01-01)
The provenance of marbles used for ancient statuary and architecture is of utmost importance for archaeologists, art historians and archaeometrists. The aim of this paper is to provide a comprehensive characterisation of the white marble exploited in antiquity in Goktepe (Mugla Province, Turkey) to increase the reliability for identifying this marble in ancient artefacts. A campaign of interdisciplinary archaeological and geological fieldwork undertaken by the Marmora Asiatica project is based on a multi-me...
The ancient DNA and archaeobotanical analysis suggest cultivation of Triticum aestivum subsp. spelta at Yumuktepe and Yenikapi Pottery Neolithic sites in Turkey
Degirmenci, Funda O.; ULAŞ, BURHAN; Kansu, Cigdem; Ulug, Asiye; Caneva, Isabella; Asal, Rahmi; Kaya, Zeki (2022-08-01)
Archaeobotanical materials subject to aDNA analysis were recovered from Yumuktepe and Yenikapi, two important archaeological sites in Anatolia and date back to the Pottery Neolithic Period i.e., 7th millennium BC. Many charred ancient seeds representing various cereal species including a great number of wheat grains were documented in mentioned sites. Among the cereal seeds, charred wheat samples were tentatively identified as Triticum aestivum subsp. spelta L. or Triticum new glume wheat (NGW) or atypical ...
A Preliminary archaeometallurgical examination of some bronze coins from Komana
Aydın, Ayşen Elşen; Erciyas, Deniz Burcu; Department of Archaeometry (2019)
This thesis comprises archaeometallurgical investigations on some coins found in archaeological excavations at the ancient settlement of Komana-Tokat. Micro-XRF and Scanning Electron Microscope analysis methods were used in this study. By means of these methods, it was aimed to obtain information about the alloy compositions of the coins found at this site dating to different periods. This is also the first archaeometallurgical study on the coins found in Komana. According to the results of the analysis, th...
Karya’daki Geç Antik Ve Bizans Dönemi Yapı Ve Yerleşimleri Üzerine Bazı Gözlemler
Serin, Ufuk (Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, 2013-6-1)
The present research, which is part of a larger, long-term project entitled the 'Archaeological Survey of the Gulf of Mandalya, Caria', aims to document and interpret the Late Antique and Byzantine monuments and topography of Caria (5th-13th c. AD) and covers the results of nine years of fieldwork (2003-2011). In antiquity the survey-area largely remained under the jurisdiction of Iasos (mod. Kiyikislacik) - the major extinct city in the area - giving its name to the entire territory. This work investigates...
The Social and symbolic role of early pottery in the Near East
Yıldırım, Burcu.; Atakuman, Çiğdem; Department of Settlement Archaeology (2019)
The aim of this thesis is to investigate the social and symbolic role of the earliest pottery in the Near East which flourished during the Neolithic Period. This dissertation provides a comparative analysis of the earliest ceramics and the relationship of pottery form and technology to the plaster and figurine technologies. As early as the 9th millennium BC, the skilled use of ceramic technology and control of fire was evident in the production of lime plaster, as well as anthropomorphic and zoomorphic figu...
Citation Formats
M. B. Er, “An archaeometrical investigation on provenance and technological properties of Seljuk period pottery from Komana (Tokat),” Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences. Archaeometry., Middle East Technical University, 2020.