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Design evolution of healthcare buildings: city hospitals as a new building typology in Turkey

Nevrim, Selin
After the year 2014, a new and alternative model of healthcare services had been introduced to reorganize the contribution of the private sector on healthcare investments in Turkey. The essence of this new model was creating healthcare centers established in various provinces under the title of the "city hospital". City Hospitals have radical differences when compared with traditional health care buildings. Furthermore, how the projects have been achieved and the investment model have not previously been implemented in Turkey. Differences in scale caused by the increase in bed and patient capacities inevitably reflect the physical environment effects of buildings not only on the architectural scale but also on the urban scale. Architectural forms cannot evolve independently of their context. In this study, healthcare buildings constructed in the period included city hospitals and the period before, are approached with a historical perspective, the transformation of these buildings’ typologies and the factors which took an important role in the architectural design of healthcare structures are searched. The study aims to reveal the architectural dissimilarities between the other hospitals and the city hospitals, to search the urban impact of the city hospitals and try to describe the investment model of these hospitals.