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Jordanian security: a securitization perspective

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2020
Işık Hamutcu, Sema
The Middle East and its sub-region Levant have been ridden with political instabilities, wars, migrations and economic crises since the emergence of new Arab states. Jordan, on the other hand, has been able to enjoy a rather peaceful and secure environment in contrast to its neighbors. Despite this interesting quality, the case of Jordan has not been sufficiently investigated in the literature of security studies. What are the major securitization dynamics of Jordan? To address this question, this thesis will utilize Securitization Theory, which was developed within the framework of the Copenhagen School by Barry Buzan, Ole Waever and Jaap De Wilde. From this point of view, thesis will focus on three main security sectors which are military, political and economic and this study will demonstrate the dynamics of securitization in Jordan, in response to changing nature of threats. Within this qualitative case study, after providing brief review of literature and theoretical framework on security studies, Jordan’s securitization dynamics of military, political, and economic sectors will be analyzed. Including regionalizing dynamics in regard of external threats and distinct types of internal security issues, thesis will touch upon far-reaching security dynamics by analyses of various cases from the time of King Hussein and King Abdullah II.