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Social housing as a solution for housing need of low-income: evaluation of housing implementations of housing development administration (TOKİ) for lower-middle income groups

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2020
Gülcan, Elifnaz
In the last century, after the industrial revolution, the migration from rural areas to urban areas has increased. Therefore, urban areas and urban poor have faced different problems. At that point regarding policies started to be established in order to meet the need of this vulnerable side of the society. The social housing policies increased after the Second World War in European countries with the raising of the welfare state trend in the world. Subsequently, after 1980 with the decrease in the state intervention in economic and social life, the social housing implementations started to lose the popularity among European countries. However, the process occurred later in the developing countries such as Turkey. From this point on, the social housing implementations has started institutionally after 1980s and then TOKİ has become the leader institution in social housing implementations. The establishment motivation of TOKİ was mass housing production as the name indicates. Although there are similarities between the mass housing and social housing concepts, they are different from each other. In order to classify the social housing, the social housing criteria are determined. The aim of this study is questioning the high rate social housing provision discourses of TOKİ in terms of social housing provision. In light of the determined criteria, the implementations of TOKİ which have different features for lowermiddle income groups are examined. Thus, the sample housing implementations of TOKİ are criticized and an interview is conducted with the subject matter experts namely the employees in TOKİ.