The Investigation of meaning in life in terms of self-construal, self-concept clarity and gratitude among university students

Çebi, Esra
The main purpose of the present study is to test a model that investigates the relationships between meaning in life (presence of meaning, search for meaning),self-construal (integration, differentiation), gratitude and self-concept clarity among university students based on the proposals of Steger’s theory of meaning (2009,2012) and the BID model of İmamoğlu (1998, 2003). Additionally, it is aimed to examine the differences of four self construals of the BID (Balanced Integration Differentiation) model on presence of meaning, search for meaning, gratitude, selfconcept clarity and to examine possible influences of demographic variables (gender, year of study, faculty, accommodation, relationship status) on the various measures of the study (presence of meaning, search for meaning, integration, differentiation,gratitude, self-concept clarity). The sample consists of 825 university students attending to a state university in Ankara. Demographic Information Form, Balanced Integration Differentiation Scale (BIDS), Meaning in Life Questionnaire (MIL),Gratitude Questionnaire (GQ) and Self-Concept Clarity Scale (SCCS) were utilized to collect data. Different significant direct and indirect effects were obtained throughpath analysis for each type of self-construal. MANOVAs also revealed some differences on the measures of the study in terms of demographic variables and self construals. Findings of the study were discussed in light of the related literature.