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Public-private partnerships in the light of the principles of good governance: Pakistan's case

Hashmi, Muhammad Uzair
Public-Private Partnerships have gained immense popularity since their inception in the 1980s and have become a preferred procurement tool for the governments. Despite PPPs being widespread, the scholars have divided opinions mainly into two schools of thought about PPPs. The proponents consider it as a governance tool; however, the opponents see it as a substitute terminology for privatization and a 'language game' from the vocabulary of neoliberalism. This dissertation takes a qualitative empirical approach to study PPP in light of the governance approach and the principles of governance by taking Pakistan as a case. The semi-structured interviews serve as the field data collection tool, and the respondents consisted of four groups being the public and private sector, civil society, and academia. The analysis of the field data diagnosed the institutional health and identified the inadequacies in the PPP model of Pakistan. The dissertation gives recommendations for managerial, political, and legal reform of the PPP model of Pakistan. The research concludes that the PPP model of Pakistan partially complies with the principles of good governance. There are multiple economic, political, and administrative prerequisites that ensure the effective v implementation of PPP. Hence, the government motives define the trajectory of PPPs towards becoming a governance tool or a mere 'language game.'