CPT-based probabilistic and deterministic assessment of in situ seismic soil liquefaction potential

Moss, R. E. S.
Seed, R. B.
Kayen, R. E.
Stewart, J. P.
Kiureghian, A. Der
Çetin, Kemal Önder
This paper presents a complete methodology for both probabilistic and deterministic assessment of seismic soil liquefaction triggering potential based on the cone penetration test (CPT). A comprehensive worldwide set of CPT-based liquefaction field case histories were compiled and back analyzed, and the data then used to develop probabilistic triggering correlations. Issues investigated in this study include improved normalization of CPT resistance measurements for the influence of effective overburden stress, and adjustment to CPT tip resistance for the potential influence of "thin" liquefiable layers. The effects of soil type and soil character (i.e., "fines" adjustment) for the new correlations are based on a combination of CPT tip and sleeve resistance. To quantify probability for performance-based engineering applications, Bayesian "regression" methods were used, and the uncertainties of all variables comprising both the seismic demand and the liquefaction resistance were estimated and included in the analysis. The resulting correlations were developed using a Bayesian framework and are presented in both probabilistic and deterministic formats. The results are compared to previous probabilistic and deterministic correlations.


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Çetin, Kemal Önder (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2009-01-01)
Due to lack of soil sampling during conventional cone penetration testing, it is necessary to characterize and classify soils based on tip and sleeve friction values as well as pore pressure induced during and after penetration. Currently available semiempirical methods exhibit a significant variability in the estimation of soil type. Within the confines of this paper it is attempted to present a new probabilistic cone penetration test (CPT)-based soil characterization and classification methodology, which ...
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Semiempirical probabilistic models are described to assess cyclic large strain and induced excess pore-water pressure responses of fully saturated clean sands. For this purpose, available cyclic simple shear and triaxial tests were compiled and studied. The resulting r(u) versus gamma, and gamma versus N databases are composed of 101 and 84 cyclic test data, respectively. Key parameters of the proposed r(u) and gamma models are defined as critical shear strain, relative density, effective confining stress, ...
Probabilistic assessment of stress normalization for CPT data
Çetin, Kemal Önder (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2007-07-01)
Currently available cone penetration test (CPT) stress normalization schemes exhibit no consensus on the estimation of the stress normalization component. Depending on which power law stress normalization exponent is used, very different interpretations may result in the analyses where normalized CPT data are used (e.g., CPT-based soil classification and seismic soil liquefaction initiation assessment). Within the confines of this paper, it is intended to clarify and resolve some of these differences, and t...
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The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of the geomembrane/geotextile interface on the seismic response of small-to-moderate height structures. Three building models with first-mode natural frequencies changing between 2-4 Hz (representing two, three and four storey structures) were tested with and without the addition of geomembrane/geotextile interface using the shaking table test setup by employing harmonic and modified/ scaled ground motions. Experimental results showed that the geomembran...
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One frequent observation from conventional pressure transient test analysis is that field data match mathematical models derived for homogeneous systems. This observation suggests that pressure data as presently interpreted may not contain details concerning certain reservoir heterogeneities. On the other hand, tracer tests may be more sensitive to heterogeneous elements present in the reservoir because of the convective nature of the flow test. In this study, a possible improvement of conventional pressure...
Citation Formats
R. E. S. Moss, R. B. Seed, R. E. Kayen, J. P. Stewart, A. D. Kiureghian, and K. Ö. Çetin, “CPT-based probabilistic and deterministic assessment of in situ seismic soil liquefaction potential,” JOURNAL OF GEOTECHNICAL AND GEOENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, pp. 1032–1051, 2006, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/46012.