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An examination of social gender equality and social gender roles in fifth grade mathematics textbook and social sciences textbook

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2020
Kandilli, Ece
The purpose of this study is to examine social gender equality and social gender roles in 5th grade mathematics and social sciences textbooks. Specifically what extend gender equality is included in 5th grade mathematics and social sciences textbooks, how gender roles is addressed in textbooks, how gender equality indicated are in the education programs in 5th grade textbooks and how these textbooks are differed in terms of showing gender equality were examined. The study was designed as a multiple case study in qualitative research with content analysis. The study was conducted with mathematics and social sciences textbooks used in the 2018-2019 academic years in Turkey. The results of the study reveal that mathematics textbook showed equality in numbers of illustrations and texts between different genders but this book had inequalities in terms of texts and illustrations showing gendered roles. This exemplified that gender stereotypes continue to be communicated to young learners through the use of illustrations and text which include traditional gender roles in mathematics textbook. On the other hand, social sciences textbook displayed inequalities in numbers of illustrations and texts between different genders and this book had gendered view in stereotypes. The social sciences textbook played roles in reproducing and in carrying gender stereotypes for learners. Additionally, social sciences textbook reflected Turkish society and culture as traditional.