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An Analysis of the effects of urban migration on intergenerational gender roles of alevi women in the case of Dışlık village

Şimşek, Deniz
The aim of this study is to examine the changes caused by urban migration on the intergenerational gender roles of Alevi women with a focus on their marriage, care-giving, participation in the labour force and educational practices. Both Alevi socio-religious structure and intra-group relations of the Alevis has started to change with their migration from rural to urban. Urban space, in this sense, sets the stage for these changes to be observed. Alevi women are able to participate in the ‘public sphere’ when once it was limited to an isolated village community. The combination of both factors of being an Alevi, and a woman has affected the urbanization experiences of Alevi women throughout the generations. This research aims to shed light on the experiences of Alevi women in the urban migration process and to draw a chronological map by focusing on five different families and three generations of women from a single Alevi village community. Another important aim of this study is to give these women the opportunity to tell their stories while examining the changes and continuities in those women’s intergenerational gender roles. Knowledge production through the experiences of these women is an essential aspect of this feminist study. Their own experience of being an ‘Alevi woman’ will be under the spotlight whilst attempting to understand the socio-economic changes in Turkey starting from the 1950s.