Improved Seismic Response of Multisimple-Span Skewed Bridges Retrofitted with Link Slabs

Sevgili, Gizem
Caner, Alp
Results of a recent bridge inventory evaluation indicated that about 50% of Turkish highway bridges have more than 30 degrees of skew angle and can be classified as irregular bridges. During the recent major earthquake in Turkey, multisimple-span bridges with continuous decks and link slabs performed well even though these bridges were in the vicinity of the fault line. This study aims to evaluate the improvements in seismic response of skew bridges in terms of forces and displacements when link slabs are added as a retrofit tool. A series of elastic dynamic analyses and nonlinear time history analyses were conducted to investigate the seismic response of various standard highway bridges with different span lengths and skew angles. A new reinforcement design for edge zones of link slabs is proposed for bridges located in high seismic zones. In practice, link slabs can be implemented easily during a regular redecking of a bridge.


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Akgül, Ferhat (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2003-11-01)
Currently, the load rating is the method used by State DOTs for evaluating the safety and serviceability of existing bridges in the United States. In general, load rating of a bridge is evaluated when a maintenance, improvement work, change in strength of members, or addition of dead load alters the condition or capacity of the structure. The AASHTO LRFD specifications provide code provisions for prescribing an acceptable and uniform safety level for the design of bridge components. Once a bridge is designe...
Seismic performance of multisimple-span bridges retrofitted with link slabs
Caner, Alp; Zia, P. (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2002-03-01)
During earthquakes multisimple-span bridges are vulnerable to span separation at their expansion joints. A common way of preventing unseating of spans is to have cable or rod restrainers that provide connections between adjacent spans. Alternatively, dislocation of the girders can be controlled with a link slab that is the continuous portion of the bridge deck between simple spans. Seismic retrofit with link slab should be more cost-effective than the existing methods when it is performed during redecking o...
Citation Formats
G. Sevgili and A. Caner, “Improved Seismic Response of Multisimple-Span Skewed Bridges Retrofitted with Link Slabs,” JOURNAL OF BRIDGE ENGINEERING, pp. 452–459, 2009, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: