An Alternative Metal-Assisted Etching Route for Texturing Silicon Wafers for Solar Cell Applications

Es, Fırat
Kulakci, Mustafa
Turan, Raşit
Metal-assisted etching (MAE) can be used to form antireflective and light-trapping structures on crystalline silicon solar cells. This method has been widely used to form nanowires and nanoholes on their surfaces. In this study, the MAE technique with additional hole-injection mechanisms has been investigated to form surface nanostructures with various shapes. The effect of each chemical's percentage, as well as the etching time, has been studied on the surface geometry and optical performance. The average reflection from the surface was reduced to less than 3% over the solar spectrum. The light-trapping properties of the structures were investigated through absorption measurements on thin wafers, and a nearly 90% average absorption was obtained for samples with a 50-mu m thickness. The smoothing of the surface and lifetime of the chemical solutions has been systematically studied. As a result, control over the surface geometry and optical properties have been obtained with this new single-step etching approach. Passivation of the surface with SiO2 is also investigated to realize device implementation in the next step.


Avishan, Nardin; Bek, Alpan; Ünalan, Hüsnü Emrah; Department of Micro and Nanotechnology (2022-12-20)
Graphene/silicon Schottky solar cells are one of the extensively studied topics during the last decade due to the high conductivity, high transparency, and mechanical flexibility properties of graphene. One of the most efficient and long-lasting methods used for performance enhancement for graphene/silicon Schottky solar cells is silicon surface texturing. It significantly increases the light absorption of silicon by controlling the incoming light through multiple interactions which is called light trapping...
Application of Si Nanowires Fabricated by Metal-Assisted Etching to Crystalline Si Solar Cells
KULAKCI, Mustafa; ES, FIRAT; ÖZDEMİR, Baris; Ünalan, Hüsnü Emrah; Turan, Raşit (2013-01-01)
Reflection and transmission through a solar cell can be significantly reduced using light-trapping structures. This approach can be applied to both crystalline and thin-film solar cells to improve the light absorption and conversion efficiency of the cell. In this study, vertically aligned Si nanowires were fabricated over a large area via a metal-assisted etching technique. Following a detailed parametric study, nanowires were applied to industrial-size (156 mm x 156 mm) Si solar cells. The reflectivity fr...
Development of hole transport transparent conductive electrodes for n-type crystalline silicon solar cells
Akdemir, Ozan; Bek, Alpan; İmer, Muhsine Bilge; Department of Micro and Nanotechnology (2018)
Conventional transparent conductive electrodes (TCEs) used in crystal silicon (c-Si) solar cells are commonly made of indium tin oxide (ITO) which provides low sheet resistance and high transparency. However, due to indium scarcity, ITO layers increase the fabrication cost; thus, alternative TCEs, such as fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO), zinc oxide (ZnO), metal nanowires and Oxide/Metal/Oxide (OMO) multilayers, are being investigated. Conventional solar cells also make use of doped layers, to create the junc...
Production and development of flexible dye sensitized solar cells /
Kocaoğlu, Bahadır Can; Özenbaş, Ahmet Macit; Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering (2014)
Electrophoretic Deposition (EPD) of titania nanoparticles (P-25 Degusa) have been utilized in order to form the nanoporous photoanodes of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) on flexible polymeric (PEN) substrates. Highly uniform, adherent nanoporous thick films were produced by uniformly dispersing the titania nanoparticles in alcohol based solutions without any binders. Solution performances of each type of alcohols and mixtures of which have been examined considering their coating thickness, morphology and...
Periodic micro hole texturing with metal assisted chemical etching for solar cell applications: dependence of etch rate on orientation
Altınoluk, Hayriye Serra; Çiftpınar, Emine Hande; Demircioğlu, Olgu; Turan, Raşit (2017-01-01)
Surface texturing is an indispensable process for solar cell fabrication. The interaction of the surface with the incoming sunlight is controlled by texturing in such a way that the absorption is maximized through multiple interactions. Wet and dry etching techniques have been used to create textured surfaces on solar cells. Other than standard alkaline texturing used by the industry, metal assisted etching (MAE) appears to be a promising texturing technique with greater potential application for multi-crys...
Citation Formats
F. Es, M. Kulakci, and R. Turan, “An Alternative Metal-Assisted Etching Route for Texturing Silicon Wafers for Solar Cell Applications,” IEEE JOURNAL OF PHOTOVOLTAICS, pp. 440–446, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: