Application of Si Nanowires Fabricated by Metal-Assisted Etching to Crystalline Si Solar Cells

KULAKCI, Mustafa
Ünalan, Hüsnü Emrah
Turan, Raşit
Reflection and transmission through a solar cell can be significantly reduced using light-trapping structures. This approach can be applied to both crystalline and thin-film solar cells to improve the light absorption and conversion efficiency of the cell. In this study, vertically aligned Si nanowires were fabricated over a large area via a metal-assisted etching technique. Following a detailed parametric study, nanowires were applied to industrial-size (156 mm x 156 mm) Si solar cells. The reflectivity from the device surface was reduced to less than 5% for the entire visible spectrum (350-750 nm), including the blue-violet region. Standard solar cell fabrication procedures were employed to fabricate cells with and without Si nanowires, and the results showed that the efficiencies of solar cells with nanowires were similar to those of standard pyramid-textured cells, revealing the potential of the proposed concept. A systematic study of the dependence of the solar cell parameters on the length of the nanowires was performed. The quantum efficiency of the cells exhibited relatively poor performance in the blue-ultraviolet range of the spectrum, and enhancement in carrier generation was observed in the red-infrared region especially for shorter nanowires.


An Alternative Metal-Assisted Etching Route for Texturing Silicon Wafers for Solar Cell Applications
Es, Fırat; Kulakci, Mustafa; Turan, Raşit (2016-03-01)
Metal-assisted etching (MAE) can be used to form antireflective and light-trapping structures on crystalline silicon solar cells. This method has been widely used to form nanowires and nanoholes on their surfaces. In this study, the MAE technique with additional hole-injection mechanisms has been investigated to form surface nanostructures with various shapes. The effect of each chemical's percentage, as well as the etching time, has been studied on the surface geometry and optical performance. The average ...
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Salimi, Arghavan; Turan, Raşit; Department of Micro and Nanotechnology (2019)
Silicon based solar cells are the dominant type of solar cells in the photovoltaic industry. Recently, there have been increasing efforts to develop c-Si solar cells with higher efficiency and lower cost. Among them, silicon heterojunction solar cell (SHJ) is attracting much attention because of its superior performance values demonstrated at both R&D and industrial levels. One of the common limiting criteria is the recombination at the front side which can be solved by providing proper passivation at the f...
Efficient Light Trapping in Inverted Nanopyramid Thin Crystalline Silicon Membranes for Solar Cell Applications
MAVROKEFALOS, Anastassios; HAN, Sang Eon; Yerci, Selçuk; Branham, Matthew S.; CHEN, Gang (2012-06-01)
Thin-film crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar cells with light-trapping structures can enhance light absorption within the semiconductor absorber layer and reduce material usage. Here we demonstrate that an inverted nanopyramid light-trapping scheme for c-Si thin films, fabricated at wafer scale via a low-cost wet etching process, significantly enhances absorption within the c-Si layer. A broadband enhancement in absorptance that approaches the Yablo-novitch limit (Yablo-novitch, E. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 1987, 72, ...
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Zainab, Sana; Hussain, Shahzad; Altinoluk, Serra H.; Turan, Raşit (2017-09-23)
Efficiency of solar cell greatly depends on its interaction with input solar irradiance. For highly efficient solar cell, absorption of input light should be maximum at all angles. Different surface texturing techniques like pyramid texturing, cone texturing, pillar texturing have been used to increase absorption of light in solar cell. Micro-hole Surface texturing is getting popular in absorption of solar radiation at higher zenith angle. In this paper, effect of varying zenith angle on hole textured solar...
Fabrication and characterization of PEDOT:PSS hole transport layers for silicon solar cells
Türkay, Deniz; Yerci, Selçuk; Department of Micro and Nanotechnology (2019)
Heterojunction silicon solar cells have gained considerable interest in recent years with the demonstration of record-high device performances. However, these devices are typically based on inorganic layers fabricated at high temperatures under vacuum environment, using toxic precursors. The low temperature budget, non-toxic chemical contents, and wide range of adjustability in physical and electrical properties make poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) a promising candidate a...
Citation Formats
M. KULAKCI, F. ES, B. ÖZDEMİR, H. E. Ünalan, and R. Turan, “Application of Si Nanowires Fabricated by Metal-Assisted Etching to Crystalline Si Solar Cells,” IEEE JOURNAL OF PHOTOVOLTAICS, pp. 548–553, 2013, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: