Macroecological Patterns of Resilience Inferred from a Multinational, Synchronized Experiment

Baho, Didier L.
Tavsanoglu, Ulku Nihan
Sorf, Michal
Stefanidis, Kostantinos
Drakare, Stina
Scharfenberger, Ulrike
Agasild, Helen
Beklioğlu, Meryem
Hejzlar, Josef
Adrian, Rita
Papastergiadou, Eva
Zingel, Priit
Sondergaard, Martin
Jeppesen, Erik
Angeler, David G.
The likelihood of an ecological system to undergo undesired regime shifts is expected to increase as climate change effects unfold. To understand how regional climate settings can affect resilience; i.e., the ability of an ecosystem to tolerate disturbances without changing its original structure and processes, we used a synchronized mesocosm experiment (representative of shallow lakes) along a latitudinal gradient. We manipulated nutrient concentrations and water levels in a synchronized mesocosm experiment in different climate zones across Europe involving Sweden, Estonia, Germany, the Czech Republic, Turkey and Greece. We assessed attributes of zooplankton communities that might contribute to resilience under different ecological configurations. We assessed four indicator of relative ecological resilience (cross-scale, within-scale structures, aggregation length and gap size) of zooplankton communities, inferred from discontinuity analysis. Similar resilience attributes were found across experimental treatments and countries, except Greece, which experienced severe drought conditions during the experiment. These conditions apparently led to a lower relative resilience in the Greek mesocosms. Our results indicate that zooplankton community resilience in shallow lakes is marginally affected by water level and the studied nutrient range unless extreme drought occurs. In practice, this means that drought mitigation could be especially challenging in semi-arid countries in the future.


End-To-End Models for the Analysis of Marine Ecosystems: Challenges, Issues, and Next Steps
Rose, Kenneth A.; et. al. (2010-01-01)
There is growing interest in models of marine ecosystems that deal with the effects of climate change through the higher trophic levels. Such end-to-end models combine physicochemical oceanographic descriptors and organisms ranging from microbes to higher-trophic-level (HTL) organisms, including humans, in a single modeling framework. The demand for such approaches arises from the need for quantitative tools for ecosystem-based management, particularly models that can deal with bottom-up and top-down contro...
Investment needs for climate change adaptation measures of electricity power plants in the EU
Lise, Wietze; van der Laan, Jeroen (2015-10-01)
Climate change is expected to have impacts on the power sector, leading to, among others, a need for adaptation measures in the sector in the near future. This paper analyses the need to adapt to climate change impacts for power generation technologies in Europe until 2100. Europe is broadly divided into four geographic climate zones, for which regional climate change impacts are quantified with the help of the ENSEMBLES RT2b data. The European future technology mix is based on two Eurelectric energy scenar...
Prioritization and selection of climate change adaptation measures: a review of the literature
Dogulu, Nilay; Kentel Erdoğan, Elçin (2015-07-03)
Adaptation to climate change is key to reduce associated risks and develop climate resilient communities. Adaptation measures should be designed for both current and future impacts of climate change. Nevertheless, the inherent uncertainty in climate change and its impacts, and also the intrinsic complexity in climate change adaptation process present challenges in developing, planning, and effective implementation of appropriate adaptation strategies in many countries. Despite the improvements, it is due to...
Ecological impacts of global warming and water abstraction on lakes and reservoirs due to changes in water level and related changes in salinity
Jeppesen, Erik; Brucet, Sandra; Naselli-Flores, Luigi; Papastergiadou, Eva; Stefanidis, Kostas; Noges, Tiina; Noges, Peeter; Attayde, Jose Luiz; Zohary, Tamar; Coppens, Jan; Bucak, Tuba; Menezes, Rosemberg Fernandes; Sousa Freitas, Francisco Rafael; Kernan, Martin; Sondergaard, Martin; Beklioğlu, Meryem (2015-05-01)
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report released in September 2014, unprecedented changes in temperature and precipitation patterns have been recorded globally in recent decades and further change is predicted to occur in the near future, mainly as the result of human activity. In particular, projections show that the Mediterranean climate zone will be markedly affected with significant implications for lake water levels and salinity. This may be exacerbated by increased demands fo...
Overcoming basis risk in agricultural index insurance using crop simulation modeling and satellite crop phenology
Hesamı Afshar, Mehdı; Foster, Timothy; P. Higginbottom, Thomas; Parkes, Ben; Hufkens, Koen; Mansabdar, Sanjay; Ceballos, Francisco; Kramer, Berber (2021-04-19)
Extreme weather causes substantial damage to livelihoods of smallholder farmers globally and are projected to become more frequent in the coming decades as a result of climate change. Index insurance can theoretically help farmers to adapt and mitigate the risks posed by extreme weather events, providing a financial safety net in the event of crop damage or harvest failure. However, uptake of index insurance in practice has lagged far behind expectations. A key reason is that many existing index insurance p...
Citation Formats
D. L. Baho et al., “Macroecological Patterns of Resilience Inferred from a Multinational, Synchronized Experiment,” SUSTAINABILITY, pp. 1142–1160, 2015, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: