Low-temperature oxidation reactions of crude oils using TGA-DSC techniques

Kök, Mustafa Verşan
Nurgaliev, Danis K.
In this research, combustion behaviour of three crude oils with different degrees API gravities was analysed. The thermogravimetric analyser (TGA) and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) experiments were performed using three different heating rates (2, 5, and 10 degrees C min(-1)) under air atmosphere. The reaction regions, burn-out temperatures, and peak temperatures were determined accordingly. Two main reaction regions, particularly the low-temperature oxidation (LTO) and high-temperature oxidation (HTO) reactions, were figured out in TGA and DSC curves, which suggested exothermic behaviour. Kinetic parameters of the crude oils were determined using model free methods (Ozawa-Flynn-Wall, OFW, and Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose, KAS), which allows the calculation of kinetic properties at progressive conversion degrees without the requirement of any reaction models and f(alpha) estimations. The variation in activation energy with respect to the conversion degree pointed out that the LTO reaction stage can be subdivided into three subzones. The results indicated that the activation energies were changing depending on the conversion degree, which is an indication of complex reaction mechanisms. The change in activation energy with respect to conversion degree showed slight variation for heavy crude oil compared with that in light crude oil.


Light crude oil combustion in the presence of limestone matrix
Kök, Mustafa Verşan; Keskin, C; Madarasz, J; Bagci, S (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2004-01-01)
In this study the combustion characteristics of crude oils (Karakus and Beykan) in the presence of a limestone matrix were determined using the thermogravimetry (TG/DTG). Experiments were performed at a heating rate of 10degreesC min(-1), whereas the air flow rate was kept constant at 10 L h(-1) in the temperature range of 20-900degreesC. In combustion with air, three distinct reaction regions were identified in all crude oil/limestone mixtures studied known as low temperature oxidation (LTO), fuel depositi...
Comparative combustion kinetics for in situ combustion process
Kök, Mustafa Verşan (Elsevier BV, 2001-03-22)
In this research, thermal characteristics and combustion kinetics of three crude oils (13-27 degrees API) were investigated using DuPont 9900 thermal analysis system (TG/DTG). A sample size of 10 mg. heating rate of 10 degreesC min(-1) were used in the temperature range of 20-700 degreesC under air atmosphere. Theoretically, combustion of fuel can be initiated whenever oxygen comes in contact with fuel. However, the temperature, composition of fuel and oxygen supply dictates the nature of this reaction. In ...
Effect of clay on crude oil combustion by thermal analysis techniques
Kök, Mustafa Verşan (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2006-05-01)
This research was aimed to investigate the role of clay on the combustion and kinetic behavior of crude oils in limestone matrix. For this purpose, simultaneous TG (thermogravimetry) and DTA (differential thermal analysis) experiments were performed at three different heating rates as 10-15 and 20 degrees C min(-1), respectively. A uniform trend of decreasing activation energies was observed with the addition of clay. It was concluded that clays surface area affects the values of Arrhenius constant, while i...
Combustion characteristics and kinetics of diesel and canola oil samples
Kök, Mustafa Verşan (2016-01-01)
In this study, combustion and pyrolysis behavior of diesel and canola oil is investigated using thermal analysis techniques known as thermogravimetry (TG-DTG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) at different heating rates. Reaction regions, peak temperatures, mass loss, heat flow rates, ignition temperatures, and specific heat of diesel and canola oil samples are determined using TG-DTG and DSC data. It was observed that as the heating rate of the reactions increased, peak temperatures of the reacti...
Combustion reaction kinetics studies of Turkish crude oils
Bagci Suat, S.; Kök, Mustafa Verşan (2004-09-01)
In this research, sixteen experiments were conducted to study the combustion reaction kinetics of Turkish crude oils (Bati Raman, Camurlu, Raman, Adlyaman, Garzan, Karakus and Beykan) in a limestone medium. A mixture of the limestone and the crude oil was subjected to a controlled heating program under a constant flow rate of air. The produced gas was analyzed for its oxygen and carbon oxides contents. Although the molar CO2/CO ratios vary during low-temperature oxidation (LTO), for fuel deposition (FD) and...
Citation Formats
M. V. Kök and D. K. Nurgaliev, “Low-temperature oxidation reactions of crude oils using TGA-DSC techniques,” JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY, pp. 775–781, 2020, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/47736.