Age and tectonomagmatic setting of the Eocene Copler-Kabatas magmatic complex and porphyry-epithermal Au deposit, East Central Anatolia, Turkey

İmer, Ali
Richards, Jeremy P.
Creaser, Robert A.
The Copler epithermal Au deposit and related subeconomic porphyry Cu-Au deposit is hosted by the middle Eocene Copler-KabataAY magmatic complex in central eastern Anatolia. The intrusive rocks of the complex were emplaced into Late Paleozoic-Mesozoic metamorphosed sedimentary basement rocks near the northeastern margin of the Tauride-Anatolide Block. Igneous biotite from two samples of the magmatic complex yielded Ar-40/Ar-39 plateau ages of 43.75 +/- 0.26 Ma and 44.19 +/- 0.23, whereas igneous hornblende from a third sample yielded a plateau age of 44.13 +/- 0.38. These ages closely overlap with Ar-40/Ar-39 ages of hydrothermal sericite (44.44 +/- 0.28 Ma) and biotite (43.84 +/- 0.26 Ma), and Re-Os ages from two molybdenite samples (44.6 +/- 0.2 and 43.9 +/- 0.2 Ma) suggesting a short-lived (< 1 my) magmatic and hydrothermal history at Copler. No suitable minerals were found that could be used to date the epithermal system, but it is inferred to be close in age to the precursor porphyry system. The Copler-KabataAY intrusive rocks show I-type calc-alkaline affinities. Their normalized trace element patterns show enrichments in large ion lithophile and light rare earth elements and relative depletions in middle and heavy rare earth elements, resembling magmas generated in convergent margins. However, given its distance from the coeval Eocene Maden-Helete volcanic arc, the complex is interpreted to be formed in a back-arc setting, in response to Paleocene slab roll-back and upper-plate extension. The tectonomagmatic environment of porphyry-epithermal mineralization at Copler is comparable to some other isolated back-arc porphyry systems such as Bajo de la Alumbrera (Argentina) or Bingham Canyon (USA).