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Scientific note: colony losses survey in Turkey and causes of bee deaths

Giray, Tugrul
Kence, Meral
Oskay, Devrim
Doeke, Mehmet Ali
Kence, Aykut
Contemporary architectural and urban practice requires a permanent connection to other edging professions such as psychology. This paper tries to reveal another specific nature of such a connection, continuing existent scientific studies in the field of architectural and environmental psychology (LeCompte and Yetken, 1975; McMillen, 1975; İmamoglu, 1976, 1986; Sunar and LeCompte, 1977) by trying to import more broadly the perceptual psychology knowledge into the architectural and urban planning science (and practice). The law on perspective perception of three-dimensional spaces stipulates that as the observer moves towards the object of perception, it appears larger and vice-versa (Zdravkovic-Jovanovic, 1995). However, under some circumstances, as the distance changes, the impression of the perceived object’s volume does not as described, but inversely. As it has already been confirmed by Djordjevic and Vujic (2010), this occurrence is based on the angular size-illusion influence, due to the impact of specific perceptual factors in the form of distance-depth cues and specific neural activities (Murray et al., 2006). This includes an additional influence of another perceptual factor known as the oculomotor micropsia (McCready, 1965; Komoda and Ono, 1974; Ono et al., 1974). This paper continues the research performed by Djordjevic and Vujic (2010), by exploring the impact of various architectural and urban patterns on the behavior of an angular size-illusion noticeable during the observer’s continual and uniform movement. It can be understood as a specific casestudy in the field of architecture and urbanism that attempts to explore parameters assumed both as proper illusion quantifiers and qualifiers (such as: descriptors and determinants). The defined valorization criteria allow the methodological investigation of the influences of those determinants on the descriptor’s behavior by analyzing the illusion quantifier’s conduct.