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THE MAKING OF THE COMMERCIAL CENTER IN TIRE (14TH – 16TH CENTURIES) (1)

2015-6-15
Yüksel, Çağla Caner
Today Tire is one of the administrative districts under the city of İzmir. Located southeast of İzmir, it is situated on the southern edge of the Küçük Menderes Plain and the northern fringe of the Güme Mountains (Figure 1). It is surrounded by the neighboring administrative districts of Bayındır to the north about 18 km away, Ödemiş to the northeast and east about 35 km away, and Selçuk to the west about 40 km away (Figure 2). The town is renowned for its lively traditional markets, particularly open air bazaars held once a week. Rich both in food products and in traditional handcrafts, these markets are still significant nodes of attraction in the region (2). This article reveals how the markets of Tire came on the scene back in the 14th – 16th centuries. It sheds light on the making of the town’s commercial center in the given periods that correspond to two distinctive, yet consecutive eras of first the Aydınid Principality and next the Ottoman rule.