Ideology And Urbanism During The Early Republican Period: Two Master Plans For İzmir And Scenarios Of Modernization

'Urbanism', 'that new science of town building', was fighting for its legitimization in Western countries at the beginning of the twentieth century; it would constitute an excellent tool for the young Republic of Turkey for the creation of a physical urban frame, the setting of a network, equipment and symbols, and an urban image that would support the modern society that the Republic aimed to achieve. Different planning models developed in the West would serve that purpose; particularly, the French and German models clashed with each other several times, as in the case of planning competitions for Ankara and Istanbul, in the search for a proper model for the modern Turkish city. While planning of the new capital, Ankara, was confided to a German planner, Hermann Jansen, the French urbanist Henri Prost was finally appointed for the planning of Istanbul. Ideological dimensions of urban planning practice in the Early Republican Period have already been studied by different authors who concede that the planning experience of Turkey began in 1927 with the international planning competition for the new capital, Ankara. However, a comprehensive urban plan was developed earlier for the City of İzmir in 1924, soon after the foundation of the Republic, though it could not be implemented before 1930's. Planning experience of the City of Izmir appears, in fact, as interesting as that of Ankara and it reveals the different attitudes adopted by the authorities of the Republic during that period.


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Early 20th century urban development plans and regulations as the culmination of the efforts made for the modernization of the cities constitute a special and substantive domain of focus for the historical analysis of cities in terms of understanding the nature and objectives of planning today. Yet, except for big cities such as Ankara, İstanbul, İzmir, Adana and Bursa, most of the cities in Turkey are not studied in depth within such a context. Unfortunately, those studies conducted for both big and small ...
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This dissertation examines the place of the concept of “local” in architectural historiography by focusing on the modernization process of Antalya. The analysis of the process is realized within two major contexts. On the one hand, the “peripheral” position of Antalya in canonic historiography is discussed in the frame of center-periphery relations and central-local actors; on the other hand, the developments both in the city center and its hinterlands are examined through the dualities of rural and urban, ...
Citation Formats
F. C. Bilsel, “Ideology And Urbanism During The Early Republican Period: Two Master Plans For İzmir And Scenarios Of Modernization,” ODTÜ Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 16, no. 1-2, pp. 13–30, 1996, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: