Architecture of the state: Ankara istasyon caddesi in the late ottoman and early republican periods

Dedekargınoğlu, Cem
This study focuses on the late 19th and early 20th century urban transformation of Ankara as exemplified in the development of the axis connecting the train station to the city center. The temporal scope of the research starts with the 1890s when the train station was constructed and its connection with the city was established, and ends at the turn of the 1930s until when a number of buildings were erected on the İstasyon Caddesi axis, and when Jansen’s proposal for the development plan of Ankara started to be implemented. Analyzing the spatial alterations on İstasyon Caddesi in this chronological order, the study aims to discuss the relation of the architecture of the state in that period with the contemporary processes of state-building, modernization and nation-building, and to underline the continuity and change in the construction of the built environment in the case of the transformation of Ankara from a provincial center of the Empire at the end of the 19th century to the modernized capital city of the Republic in the beginning of the 20th century.