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On physical aspects of souatters in Turkey

Şenyapılı, Tansı
This study rests on the hypothesis that economic relations have a definite impact on the formation of physical space. What are the factors which caused the transformation of tin roofed shacks into orderly and regular neighborhoods of big cities of Turkey during the past 40 -45 years? The evolution of the gecekondu process should not be interpreted merely as the renewal of physical elements of such shelters. The distinguishing character of a gecekondu does not arise from the fact that it is built on somebody else's land. Although the familiar urban construction process is completed in single steps, gecekondu type of residences follow a building process which continues and evolves in time. Thus, urban residential structure consists of a 'rigid' component which reflects the contemporary level of capital, technology and organization and which is renewed in pre-defined stages; and a far more 'flexible' component called gecekondu. This study aims at analysing the characteristics of the 'flexible" component and at discussing the process of its transformation in time. The evolution of gecekondus in Turkish cities can be categorized into four stages.