Time And Areal Aggregation Problems In Estimating Migration

Download
1977
Tekeli, İlhan
Erder, Leila
Migration is a current topic of scholarly discussion and general interest as more and more of the world's population moves. In spite of the growing number of migration studies, the observation and measurement of migration as a social process in time and space have escaped rigorous review. This paper explores the theoretical problems of observing and measuring internal migration between administratively defined area units and over time periods specified by observation dates. Emphasis is oh understanding the way the observed units, whether as demographic or areal components, may make estimated patterns diverge from actual movement when aggregated in time and space. After reviewing both theoretical and empirical work on migration published over the past decade, time and area aggregation questions appeared to us of central importance. As Lowry has noted, mobility rates for a nation may appear strikingly stable at the highly aggregated level; the introduction of a geographical dimension for sub-national units destroys, however, these apparent regularities.1 If the researcher knows at the outset the effect dividing a large area into spatial units may have on the estimates, then it may be possible to standardize accordingly. This paper investigates how the selection of geographic boundaries and time periods determines to a large degree the estimate of movement between areas and over time. Since most studies relating migration to any set of explanatory variables have failed to giye correlation coefficients at the level of significance obtained in other areas of demography, an improved definition of space and time appear as two promising vantage points for raising the explanatory power of current models. As a general frame we have taken internal migration as it relates to national population distribution and policy; some questions are explored in more detail because of the nature of the migration phenomenon and data in developing countries. Our current research in Turkey has set this frame. All aspects are generalized, however, under the assumption that with few exceptions other study areas pose similar dilemma. The investigation is in three parts - an overview of migration as a social process and its identification from a policy standpoint; the effect of time on estimates whether as age groupings or as observation points; a dissection of the peculiarities of spatial groupings as they affect migration estimates.

Suggestions

Göç Araştırmalarında Söylem, Yöntem ve Etik: Feminist Bir Yöntem Mümkün Mü?
Coşkun, Emel (2020-01-01)
Uluslararası göç çalışmaları, ulusal ve uluslararası göç politikalarındaki söylemlerden etkilenen ve gittikçe politikleşmiş bir araştırma alanıdır. Maddi kaynakları açısından devlet odaklı politikadan bağımsızlaşamayan göç araştırmaları uluslararası göç yönetimi söylemini meşrulaştırarak ulusdevletlerin göçü önleme çabalarında araçsallaşabilmektedir. Göç araştırmalarının politikleşen yapısı, benimsenen teorik yaklaşımdan veri toplama yöntemlerine kadar tüm araştırma tasarımını da yöntemsel ve etik açıdan et...
Intercultural competence in the eyes of stateschool EFL teachers in Turkey and a suggested in-service training module
Gedik Bal, Nur; Savaş, Perihan; Department of English Language Teaching (2019)
Intertwinement of cultures is at an utmost level thanks to globalization, migration, trade advances in transportation, and the information communication technology. One way to equip learners with both cultural and linguistic skills to have successful communication with people in diverse settings is to enhance their intercultural competence (IC). Teachers’ cognition and their practices have a critical role in the development of learners’ IC in an EFL setting. Therefore, this interpretative phenomenological s...
Coping with immigration : the institutional and political dynamics of migration and asylum policy-making in Turkey
Ünsal, Ezgi Berfin; Yıldırtım, Onur; Department of Social Policy (2012)
As a country that is highly affected by the changing nature of international migration due to transformative forces of globalization, Turkey is now being defined as a country of both immigration and emigration. This thesis analyzes Turkish state’s international migration politics and policies with regard to recent global trends in migratory movements. It examines the underlying dynamics that govern the policy making processes and tries to identify the problems stemming from them. The primary goal of the the...
The problem of multiculturalism in Turkey within the context of European integration
Güleç, Aslı; Ertuğrul, Kürşad; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2003)
Starting from the 1970̕s, as a result of influx of immigration and of rise of ethno- cultural conflicts the issue of multiculturalism has come to become one of the significant themes of contemporary politics. In this respect, new policies have been developed in order to manage this increasing ethnic and cultural diversity. In this study it is aimed to get a critical perspective for the analysis of the question of multiculturalism in Turkey with reference to Turkey-EU relationships. As is widely accepted, th...
Interregional relations : perspectives on the summit of South American- Arab countries ‘new’ patterns of engagement
Hall, Marsha Marie; Altunışık, Meliha; Department of Middle East Studies (2015)
This thesis examines migration management in Turkey and its impact upon Syrians as migration patterns, policy, and structure in the country are changing. To address such changes and align policies with European Union and international norms, Turkey enforced the Law on Foreigners and International Protection in April 2014, which signifies a shift in governmental practices and discourses on migration and establishes a migration coordinating directorate. At the same time, local, national, international and sup...
Citation Formats
İ. Tekeli and L. Erder, “Time And Areal Aggregation Problems In Estimating Migration,” ODTÜ Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 253–272, 1977, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: http://jfa.arch.metu.edu.tr/archive/0258-5316/1977/cilt03/sayi_2/253-272.pdf.