Loop Representation of Wigner’s Little Groups

Başkal, Sibel
Kim, Young S.
Noz, Marilyn E
Wigner's little groups are the subgroups of the Lorentz group whose transformations leave the momentum of a given particle invariant. They thus define the internal space-time symmetries of relativistic particles. These symmetries take different mathematical forms for massive and for massless particles. However, it is shown possible to construct one unified representation using a graphical description. This graphical approach allows us to describe vividly parity, time reversal, and charge conjugation of the internal symmetry groups. As for the language of group theory, the two-by-two representation is used throughout the paper. While this two-by-two representation is for spin-1/2 particles, it is shown possible to construct the representations for spin-0 particles, spin-1 particles, as well as for higher-spin particles, for both massive and massless cases. It is shown also that the four-by-four Dirac matrices constitute a two-by-two representation of Wigner's little group.


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We prove that a finite solvable group G admitting a Frobenius group FH of automorphisms of coprime order with kernel F and complement H such that [G, F] = G and C-CG(F) (h) = 1 for all nonidentity elements h is an element of H, is of nilpotent length equal to the nilpotent length of the subgroup of fixed points of H.
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Ulvi , Muhammed İkbal; Ercan, Gülin; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2020-8)
If $G$ is a finite group, its prime graph $Gamma_G$ is constructed as follows: the vertices are the primes dividing the order of $G$, two vertices $p$ and $q$ are joined by an edge if and only if $G$ contains an element of order $pq$. This thesis is mainly a survey that gives some important results on the prime graphs of solvable groups by presenting their proofs in full detail.
Wigner rotations and little groups
Baskal, S (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2004-01-01)
Wigner's little groups are the subgroups of the Poincare group whose transformations leave the four-momentum of a given particle invariant. For a, relativistic particle in motion the little group is a boosted rotation. On the other hand, the kinematical effect of two non-colinear Lorentz boosts is another boost preceded or followed by a rotation, which is called the Wigner rotation. It is shown that there is always a Wigner rotation for a given little group rotation. The differences between those two rotati...
Centralizers of subgroups in simple locally finite groups
ERSOY, KIVANÇ; Kuzucuoğlu, Mahmut (2012-01-01)
Hartley asked the following question: Is the centralizer of every finite subgroup in a simple non-linear locally finite group infinite? We answer a stronger version of this question for finite K-semisimple subgroups. Namely let G be a non-linear simple locally finite group which has a Kegel sequence K = {(G(i), 1) : i is an element of N} consisting of finite simple subgroups. Then for any finite subgroup F consisting of K-semisimple elements in G, the centralizer C-G(F) has an infinite abelian subgroup A is...
Citation Formats
S. Başkal, Y. S. Kim, and M. E. Noz, “Loop Representation of Wigner’s Little Groups,” Symmetry, 2017, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/51582.