The Effects of Personal Space Invasion on Impressions and Decisions

Rüstemli, Ahmet
This study investigated the effects of personal space invasions on impressions and decisions. Forty-eight Turkish males and 48 Turkish females reported their impressions of and decisions about a male/female confederate after a bogus interview under either very close spacing (invasion) or normal spacing (no-invasion) conditions. Subjects also reported their feelings about the interview situation. Contrary to prediction, neither the impression nor the decision data showed any invasion effect. Data on feelings, on the other hand, yielded a significant interaction between invasion and invader's sex, indicating negative effect for male invasion.
The Journal of Psychology


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Citation Formats
A. Rüstemli, “The Effects of Personal Space Invasion on Impressions and Decisions,” The Journal of Psychology, pp. 113–118, 1988, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: