Gender role influences on Turkish adolescents' self-identity

Yıldırım, Ali
This study investigated gender role influences on Turkish adolescents' self-identity process as part of the International Self-Identity Research Project. A total of 154 male and 119 female adolescents ages 14 through 17 from urban and rural areas of Turkey were surveyed through a questionnaire. The results indicated that ''family'' was the dominant source of belongingness for both males and females, followed by ''friendships'' and ''school.'' Friendships and education were valued more by females than by males. Symbolic items (e.g., relationships, happiness) influenced females' self-identity more than they did males, while males tended to place greater importance on material items (e.g., home, TV, sports equipment). Athletic activities were highly important in males' self-validation process while females were oriented more toward the artistic and creative. General affective attributes (e.g., honesty, respect, thoughtfulness) were similarly valued by males and females as important criteria for self-evaluation. Finally, males were more religious, patriotic, and felt stronger ties to ancestors while females appeared to be more altruistic and placed high importance on social relations.


Masculinity, femininity, and the Bem Sex Role Inventory in Turkey
Özkan, Türker (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2005-01-01)
The aim of this study was to examine the masculinity and femininity scales of Bern Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) among Turkish university students. Five hundred thirty-six students (280 men and 256 women) volunteered to complete the short-form of the BSRI and answer demographic questions. In factor analyses, the original factor structure (Bem, 1981) was found both in the men's and women's data. Comparisons of the factor structures with target rotation (Procrustes rotation) and comparison indexes showed no diffe...
Gender roles and community formation in Kurdish migrant women
Akbay, Hivda; Kalaycıoğlu, Hediye Sibel; Department of Gender and Women's Studies (2003)
The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of the intersecting dynamics of gender and ethnic identities for Kurdish migrant women in Turkey. For this aim it attempts to investigate Kurdish migrant women's everyday lives in their private and public domains, which include in-family, out-family social and economic relations. It is expected that Kurdish women's gender and ethnic identities will intersect in these domains and will be effective in creating a specific ethnic community identity. For this re...
Gender, Religiosity, Sexual Activity, Sexual Knowledge, and Attitudes Toward Controversial Aspects of Sexuality
Sümer, Zeynep (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2015-12-01)
The purpose of this study is to examine the role of gender, religiosity, sexual activity, and sexual knowledge in predicting attitudes toward controversial aspects of sexuality among Turkish university students. Participants were 162 female and 135 male undergraduate students who were recruited on a volunteer basis from an urban state university in Turkey. The SKAT-A Attitude Scale along with background information form, sexual activities inventory, and sexual knowledge scale were administered to the partic...
Cultural changes in Turkish society: a comparative study through literature of past and today
Yaman, Öykü; Özkan, Türker; Department of Psychology (2018)
This study aims to investigate cultural transformation of Turkish culture by using Turkish literature. According to Karpat (2011), social development can be observed through literature because authors express people’s traditions and values both to glorify and to criticize. Schwartz (1994) also agrees that culture can be derived from various cultural products like folktales. To observe cultural difference, I formed two time periods: (1) was covering Abdülhamid II sultanate and pre-republic years and (2) bega...
Gender perspective on the factors predicting recycling behavior: Implications from the theory of planned behavior
Öztekin, Ceren; Teksöz, Gaye; Kilic, Dilek Sultan; Şahin, Elvan (2017-04-01)
This study aimed to assess the role of some socio-psychological attributes in explaining recycling behavior of Turkish university community from a gender perspective within the context of the theory of planned behavior with an additional variable (past experience). The recycling behavior of whole sample, females and males, has been examined in 3 sessions-depending on the arguments that explain gendered pattern of private and public environmental behavior and sticking to the fact why females' stronger enviro...
Citation Formats
A. Yıldırım, “Gender role influences on Turkish adolescents’ self-identity,” ADOLESCENCE, pp. 217–231, 1997, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: