Masculinity, femininity, and the Bem Sex Role Inventory in Turkey

The aim of this study was to examine the masculinity and femininity scales of Bern Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) among Turkish university students. Five hundred thirty-six students (280 men and 256 women) volunteered to complete the short-form of the BSRI and answer demographic questions. In factor analyses, the original factor structure (Bem, 1981) was found both in the men's and women's data. Comparisons of the factor structures with target rotation (Procrustes rotation) and comparison indexes showed no difference between the factor structures found among men and women. The internal consistency of the masculinity and femininity scales was acceptable, and t-tests showed that women scored higher on the femininity scale, and men scored higher on the masculinity scale. There were significant differences between men and women only on two masculinity items, but significant differences were found in 8 (of 10) femininity items.


Gender role orientation of athletes and nonathletes in a patriarchal society: A study in Turkey
Koca, C; Asci, FH; Kirazcı, Sadettin (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2005-02-01)
The purpose of this study was to compare the gender role orientation and gender role classification of female and male athletes to those of their nonathlete counterparts. A total of 463 athletes and 378 nonathletes completed the Bem Sex Role Inventory. The findings indicated that athletes score higher on the masculinity and femininity subscales than do nonathletes. Men had higher scores on masculinity than did women, whereas women had higher scores on femininity than did men. In addition, both men and women...
Known-groups validity of the translated version of self-monitoring: A comparison of conservatoire students and university students
Öner Özkan, Bengi (SAGE Publications, 2007-06-01)
The aim of this study was to test the known-groups validity of the Turkish translation of Snyder's 1974 Self-monitoring Scale by administering a translated version to 151 first-year university students (85 men, 66 women) and 39 first year conservatoire students from the School of Theatre (18 men, 21 women). The mean score of the latter group was higher than the mean for regular university students. The finding was regarded as an indicator of known-groups validity.
Ambivalent Sexism, Gender, and Major as Predictors of Turkish College Students' Attitudes Toward Women and Men's Atypical Educational Choices
Sakallı, Nuray (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2010-04-01)
The aim of the study was to investigate how ambivalent gender attitudes (hostile/benevolent sexism; hostility/benevolence toward men), plus gender and major predict attitudes toward men studying social sciences and women studying natural sciences in Turkey, where gender attitudes are relatively traditional. Undergraduates (N = 215, mean age = 21.16) completed scales of Ambivalent Sexism, Ambivalence toward Men, Attitudes toward Men in Social Sciences (AMSS), and Attitudes toward Women in Natural Sciences (A...
Gender role influences on Turkish adolescents' self-identity
Yıldırım, Ali (1997-03-01)
This study investigated gender role influences on Turkish adolescents' self-identity process as part of the International Self-Identity Research Project. A total of 154 male and 119 female adolescents ages 14 through 17 from urban and rural areas of Turkey were surveyed through a questionnaire. The results indicated that ''family'' was the dominant source of belongingness for both males and females, followed by ''friendships'' and ''school.'' Friendships and education were valued more by females than by mal...
The Relationships between Ambivalent Sexism and Religiosity among Turkish University Students
Tasdemır, Nagihan; Sakallı, Nuray (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2010-04-01)
This study explored the relationships among hostile sexism (HS), benevolent sexism (BS), and religiosity for men and women in Turkey, where Islam is the predominant religion. 73 male and 93 female university students completed measures of ambivalent sexism and religiosity. Replicating previous work with Christians, religiosity was a significant correlate of BS when HS was controlled, for both men and women. As predicted, and in contrast to previous research with Christians, partial correlations indicated th...
Citation Formats
T. Özkan, “Masculinity, femininity, and the Bem Sex Role Inventory in Turkey,” SEX ROLES, pp. 103–110, 2005, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: