Nationalism and religion in the formation of modern state in Turkey and Egypt until World War I

This study discusses the formation of national identity and the nation state in the modern Middle East in comparison with Turkey, one of the earlier models, of national state formation in the region. The basic aim of the study is to examine the position of religion and religious identity as the source of legitimacy in the modern state. In order to have a better understanding of the relationship between nationalism and religion in the Middle East, the study attempts to look at the development of Egyptian nationalism and the role of religion in the making of modern state in Egypt, The study also attempts to make a comparative historical work by analyzing the history of the early Republican Turkey and the consolidation of the modern Turkish state by legitimacy other than religion hitherto the basic source of authority.


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This study focuses on a detailed analysis of the relationship between nationalism and religion (Islam) in textbooks taught in Turkish education system between 1924 and 1950. It can be regarded as a re-assessment of general assumptions in the literature presuming the dominance of an authoritative secular nationalism in the textbooks of the whole early republican period. In this respect, the textbooks used at primary, middle and high school levels as part of the history, citizenship, sociology, and religion c...
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The main intention of this article is to analyze the role of Islam in post-Soviet Kazakhstan and its utilization in the nation building and state building processes. It is argued that Islam in post-Soviet Kazakhstan is a cultural phenomenon rather than a religious one and is an important market, of national identity despite the competition of radical movements in the '' religious field.''
Citation Formats
R. Boztemur, “Nationalism and religion in the formation of modern state in Turkey and Egypt until World War I,” JOURNAL FOR THE STUDY OF RELIGIONS AND IDEOLOGIES, pp. 27–40, 2005, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: