Psychological Well-Being, Health, and Stress Sources in Turkish Dental Students

Tocak, Yasemin Sezgin
Yozgatlıgil, Ceylan
Bal, Belgin
This study investigated the psychological well-being and overall health of a group of Turkish dental students and their sources of stress. Two hundred and seventy-seven students (57 percent female) from Gazi University Dental Faculty completed the Dental Environment Stress (DES) questionnaire, the Psychological General Well-Being (PGWB) index, and the SF-36 Health Survey. The results showed that the DES scores increased over the five-year period. Pressure to perform, faculty and administration, workload, and students' perceptions of their self-efficacy were the most stress-provoking factors. Students whose first choice was dentistry experienced less stress and fewer health problems (p<0.05) than students whose first choice had not been dentistry. Psychological well-being and overall health were significantly associated with year of study. Statistically significant gender differences were observed on depressed mood and anxiety dimension scores of PGWB. Female students experienced greater stress than males, while male students had better overall health than females (p<0.01). Students who lived with their parents had lower PGWB scores (p<0.05). Age was significantly related with the DES and PGWB scores. These results found that stress among these Turkish dental students was influenced by gender, year of study, social background, and lifestyle. Based on the results of this study, recommendations can be made for changes in the dental education system in order to reduce stress among dental students especially during the last two years of study.


AYDIN, G (1993-01-01)
The present study investigated the relationship between helpless explanatory style and the number of physical illness symptoms experienced by Turkish college students. The sample of the study included 297 (120 females, 177 males) subjects. The subjects were presented with the Depressive Attribution Style Questionnaire(DASQ) and the Physical Symptom Checklist. A 2x2 (high-low occurrence of symptoms X sex) analysis of variance yielded no significant main or interaction effects. However, a significant correlat...
Attachment and Coping as Facilitators of Posttraumatic Growth in Turkish University Students Experiencing Traumatic Events
Arikan, Gizem; Karanci, Nuray (Informa UK Limited, 2012-01-01)
This study was designed to explore the role of attachment and coping as facilitators of posttraumatic growth (PTG) in a sample of Turkish university students who experienced traumatic life events. Participants who reported a traumatic event from a list were asked to choose the most distressing one; to answer questions related to the impact of the trauma; and to fill out measures of attachment styles, ways of coping, and PTG. PTG was regressed on gender, trauma-related factors, attachment styles, and coping ...
Psychological distress among international students in Turkey
Cetinkaya-Yildiz, Evrim; ÇAKIR, SAKİNE GÜLFEM; Kondakçı, Yaşar (Elsevier BV, 2011-09-01)
This study examined predictors of psychological distress in a sample of 334 international students studying at different public universities in Turkey. The standard multiple regression analysis was used to clarify the contributions of individual characteristics, interaction with Turkish students, perceived discrimination. Turkish language proficiency, perceived cultural distance, integration to social life in Turkey, and life satisfaction to psychological distress of international students. The results reve...
Psychometric properties of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and other physician-rated psychiatric scales for the assessment of depression in ESRD patients undergoing hemodialysis in Turkey
Gençöz, Faruk; Gençöz, Tülin (Informa UK Limited, 2007-08-01)
This study aimed to examine the reliability and validity of clinician-rated psychiatric scales for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) treatment in Turkey. For this, the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS), Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) Scale, Clinical Global Impression (CGI) Scale, and Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE) were administered to 45 ESRD outpatients undergoing HD treatment. Regarding the reliability of HDRS and HARS, ...
Correlates of Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms Among the Caregivers of Leukemic Children
Demirtepe-Saygili, Dilek; Bozo Özen, Özlem (2011-03-01)
This study aims to reveal correlates of depressive and anxiety symptoms among the Turkish caregivers of leukemic children (n = 100). The effects of demographic variables, satisfaction of the basic needs, performance on daily activities, and coping strategies on outcome variables were investigated by hierarchical regression. Accordingly, older age, lower reported income, higher number of other children to be looked after, lower levels of satisfaction of basic needs, and more use of emotion focused coping wer...
Citation Formats
A. URAZ, Y. S. Tocak, C. Yozgatlıgil, S. ÇETİNER, and B. Bal, “Psychological Well-Being, Health, and Stress Sources in Turkish Dental Students,” JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION, pp. 1345–1355, 2013, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: