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A Fast and Automatically Paired 2-Dimensional Direction-of-Arrival Estimation Using Arbitrary Array Geometry

A new approach is proposed for two-dimensional (2-D) direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation with arbitrary array geometries, which is based on array interpolation. The method provides automatically paired source azimuth and elevation angle estimates. Furthermore it is possible to estimate D sources with D + 1 sensor 2-D array interpolation errors are minimized by using Wiener formulation. Proposed method is applied to the two planar arrays; uniform circular array (UCA) and uniform isotropic (IU) V-shaped array. It seen that the method can find closed form, automatically paired azimuth and elevation angles. Simulation results are presented verifying the efficacy of the method.