Combining data and meta-analysis to build Bayesian networks for clinical decision support

2014-12-01
Yet, Barbaros
Rasmussen, Todd E.
Tai, Nigel R. M.
Marsh, D. William R.
Complex clinical decisions require the decision maker to evaluate multiple factors that may interact with each other. Many clinical studies, however, report 'univariate' relations between a single factor and outcome. Such univariate statistics are often insufficient to provide useful support for complex clinical decisions even when they are pooled using meta-analysis. More useful decision support could be provided by evidence-based models that take the interaction between factors into account. In this paper, we propose a method of integrating the univariate results of a meta-analysis with a clinical dataset and expert knowledge to construct multivariate Bayesian network (BN) models. The technique reduces the size of the dataset needed to learn the parameters of a model of a given complexity. Supplementing the data with the meta-analysis results avoids the need to either simplify the model - ignoring some complexities of the problem - or to gather more data. The method is illustrated by a clinical case study into the prediction of the viability of severely injured lower extremities. The case study illustrates the advantages of integrating combined evidence into BN development: the BN developed using our method outperformed four different data-driven structure learning methods, and a well-known scoring model (MESS) in this domain.
JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL INFORMATICS

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Citation Formats
B. Yet, T. E. Rasmussen, N. R. M. Tai, and D. W. R. Marsh, “Combining data and meta-analysis to build Bayesian networks for clinical decision support,” JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL INFORMATICS, pp. 373–385, 2014, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/56235.