Modeling and sensitivity analysis of high temperature PEM fuel cells by using Comsol Multiphysics

Sezgin, Berna
Caglayan, Dilara Gulcin
Steenberg, Thomas
Eroğlu, İnci
The objective of this study is to observe the effect of the critical design parameters, velocities of inlet gases (hydrogen and air) and the conductivity of polymer membrane, on the performance of a high temperature PEM fuel cell. A consistent and systematic mathematical model is developed in order to study the effect of these parameters. The model is applied to an isothermal, steady state, three-dimensional PEM fuel cell in order to observe concentration profiles, current density profiles and polarization curves. The model includes the transport of gases in anode and cathode gas flow channels, diffusion in the catalyst layers, the transport of water and hydronium ion in the polymer electrolyte and in the catalyst layers, and the transport of electrical current in the solid phase. The model is considered as having a single flow channel. The simulation is performed by using licensed Comsol Multiphysics 5.0, Fuel Cells &Batteries Module. The results compare well with the experimental polarization data obtained at 160 degrees C for ohmic and activation regions. The best match with the experimental data is obtained when the inlet hydrogen gas velocity is 0.133 m/s whereas inlet air velocity is 1.3 m/s for proton conductivity of 10 S/m. (C) 2016 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Modeling of a high temperature PEM fuel cell
Sezgin, Berna; Eroğlu, İnci; Devrim, Yılser; Department of Chemical Engineering (2016)
High temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (HT-PEMFC) are considered as the next generation of fuel cells since high temperature operation for PEM fuel cells has several advantages such as single phase operation, high carbon monoxide tolerance, low or zero carbon emission and removal of some equipment from the system. In order to obtain high performances, HT-PEMFC systems should be optimized in terms of dimensions, materials, operating conditions and other parameters. Modeling can help to pre-...
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A macro-homogeneous, nonisothermal, two-phase, and steady state mathematical model is developed to investigate water and thermal management in polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells. An original two-phase energy balance approach is used to catch the thermal transport phenomena in cases when there is a signi cant temperature di erence between the fuel cell temperature and the reactants inlet temperatures like during cold start-up. Model considers in depth electrode kinetics for both anode and cathode ...
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Citation Formats
B. Sezgin, D. G. Caglayan, Y. DEVRİM, T. Steenberg, and İ. Eroğlu, “Modeling and sensitivity analysis of high temperature PEM fuel cells by using Comsol Multiphysics,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, pp. 10001–10009, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: