Status and management of brown bears in Turkey

The brown bear (Ursus arctos) is the largest carnivore in Turkey. Its present distribution is mainly confined to the intact natural habitats of the Black Sea and Eastern Anatolian regions. Forest fragmentation and direct persecution by humans have resulted in population declines in other regions during the last50 years. Human-bear conflicts are more often observed in the eastern Black Sea than other areas within Turkey, but the species does not seriously threatenhumans in Turkey. Turkish authorities have not kept records of bear damage, but depredation has mainly occurred on cattle and sheep. The brown bear has a more positive image among the local people than the wolf (Canis lupus). Brown bears are a protected species, but protected areas in Turkey are too small to provide a refuge for the species. Priority actions for the conservation of brown bears in Turkey are legislation development and implementation, research on population status and range, expansion of current protected areas, and identification of new ones. Public awareness and capacity building of the local authorities on theoretical and practical aspects of wildlife management, such as designing surveys, collecting systematic data, analyzing and reporting data, andbrown bear handling techniques, will also play a critical role.


Human-brown bear conflicts in Artvin, northeastern Turkey: Encounters, damage, and attitudes
Ambarlı, Huseyin; Bilgin, Cemal Can (Ursus, 2008-01-01)
The brown bear (Ursus arctos) is the largest carnivore in Turkey and has been legally protected since 2003. However, increasing levels of conflict between brown bears and humans have been reported for several regions, especially for Artvin in northeastern Turkey. We documented the conflict in an attempt to understand human attitudes and responses and evaluate existing and potential damage prevention techniques. The study was conducted within landscapes at different scales, ranging from a core area defined b...
Spatio-temporal ecology, habitat use and population size of brown bears (ursus arctos) in Yusufeli, Turkey
Ambarlı, Hüseyin; Bilgin, Cemal Can; Department of Biology (2012)
Brown bear is the largest mammal in Turkey and its main distribution lies in the Black Sea and Eastern Anatolia Regions. Its basic ecology is almost unknown in Turkey, except for a limited number of studies. This study aims to determine the spatio-temporal ecology and habitat use of brown bears in the Kaçkar Mountains, and to estimate their population size in the Özgüven Valley and Yusufeli, both firsts for Turkey. The study area is primarily covered with conifer and oak stands, but sparse mixed shrubland o...
Discordance between ventral colour and mtDNA haplotype in the water frog Rana (ridibunda) caralitana, 1988 Arikan
Akın, Cigdem; Bilgin, Metin; Bilgin, Cemal Can (Brill, 2010-01-01)
The water frog form caralitana was first described as a subspecies of Rana ridibunda by Arikan (1988) from southwestern Turkey. Its orange ventral colour has been used as a diagnostic character since its description. After testing for a correlation between body size and ventral colour, we compared mtDNA and venter colour of adult specimens from 27 localities to assess the validity of this character for systematics of Anatolian water frogs. We mapped the distribution of each category and tested whether there...
Conflicts between humans and wolf : a study Bozdağ, Konya province, Turkey
Tuğ, Senem; Bilgin, Cemal Can; Department of Biology (2005)
Canis lupus is one of the most important but least studied species of Turkish fauna, however, livestock depredation and recently increased number of publications on attacks on humans intensifies human-wildlife conflict. In this study, wolf depredation is studied in Bozdağ in the province of Konya where conflicts between wolves and livestock holders are well known. The study site holds >50,000 sheep and covers 9 villages and a small town. A total of 13 shepherds are interviewed in 2004 and 2005 to reveal hus...
Determining space use and demography of a reintroduced fallow deer (dama dama) population using GPS telemetry in Dilek Peninsula National Park, Turkey
Durmuş, Mustafa; Bilgin, Cemal Can; Department of Biology (2019)
The Fallow Deer (Dama dama) population in Turkey is presumed to be one of the few autochthonous populations globally. Although the species has been under protection since the 1960s, it had become restricted to a single site in Düzlerçamı, Antalya. Within the context of a reintroduction project, 21 deer were translocated into Dilek Peninsula National Park (Aydın, Turkey) in 2011 and 2012. Fifteen individuals were GPS-collared and monitored between 2011 and 2013 to understand their movements, habitat choice a...
Citation Formats
O. Can and İ. Z. Togan, “Status and management of brown bears in Turkey,” URSUS, pp. 48–53, 2004, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: