Enhancing the performance of anaerobic digestion of dairy manure through phase-separation

2008-09-01
Yilmaz, Vedat
Demirer, Göksel Niyazi
Anaerobic digestion (AD) is an effective way to convert animal manures into profitable by-products while simultaneously reducing, the pollution of water, air, and soil caused by these wastes. Conventional high-rate anaerobic reactors cannot effectively process animal manures with high solids-containing wastes. The two-phase configuration for AD has several advantages over conventional one-phase processes, e.g., increased stability of the process, smaller size and cost efficient process configurations. In the present study, the experiments were carried out in a two-phase system composed of an acidogenic reactor and a methanogenic reactor, and in a one-phase system composed of only a methanogenic reactor. The reactors were operated as unmixed (without an external mixing aid), unsophisticated, and daily-fed mode. It was found that the two-phase configuration was more efficient than the one-phase system. The biogas production in the two-phase system at a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 8.6 days (only methanogenic phase) was calculated to be 42% higher at an organic loading rate (OLR) of 3.5 g VS/L . day than that of the one-phase with a HRT of 20 days. This translates into significant performance improvement and reduced volume requirement. This finding represents a further step in the achievement of wider use of simple anaerobic reactor configurations for waste treatment in rural areas.

Citation Formats
V. Yilmaz and G. N. Demirer, “Enhancing the performance of anaerobic digestion of dairy manure through phase-separation,” CLEAN-SOIL AIR WATER, vol. 36, no. 9, pp. 760–766, 2008, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/57270.