Production, properties and application to biocatalysis of a novel extracellular alkaline phenol oxidase from the thermophilic fungus Scytalidium thermophilum

Ögel, Zümrüt Begüm
Yuzugullu, Y.
Mete, S.
Bakir, U.
Kaptan, Y.
Sutay, D.
Demir, Ayhan Sıtkı
Scytalidium thermophilum produces an extracellular phenol oxidase on glucose-containing medium. Certain phenolic acids, specifically gallic acid and tannic acid, induce the expression of the enzyme. Production at 45 degrees C in batch cultures is growth-associated and is enhanced in the presence of 160 mu M CuSO4.5 H2O and 3 mM gallic acid. The highest enzyme activity is observed at pH 7.5 and 65 degrees C, on catechol. When incubated for 1 h at pH 7 and pH 8, 95% and 86% of the activity is retained. Thermostability decreases gradually from 40 degrees C to 80 degrees C. Estimated molecular mass is c. 83 kDa, and pI is acidic at c. 5.4. Substrate specificity and inhibition analysis in culture supernatants suggest that the enzyme has unique properties showing activity towards catechol; 3,4-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine (L-DOPA); 4-amino-N, N-diethylaniline (ADA); p-hydroquinone; gallic acid; tannic acid and caffeic acid, and no activity towards L-tyrosine, guaiacol, 2,2'-azino-bis(3- ethyl-benzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) and syringaldazine. Inhibition is observed in the presence of salicyl hydroxamic acid (SHAM) and p-coumaric acid. Enzyme activity is enhanced by cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), and the organic solvents dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and ethanol. No inhibition is observed in the presence of carbon monoxide. Benzoin, benzoyl benzoin and hydrobenzoin are converted into benzil, and stercoselective oxidation is observed on hydrobenzoin. The reported enzyme is novel due to its catalytic properties resembling mainly catechol oxidases, but displaying some features of laccases at the same time.


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Avci, Gulden Koclar; Çoruh, Nursen; Bolukbasi, Ufuk; Ogel, Zumrut B. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2013-01-01)
The thermophilic fungus Scytalidium thermophilum produces a novel bifunctional catalase with an additional phenol oxidase activity (CATPO); however, its phenol oxidation spectrum is not known. Here, 14 phenolic compounds were selected as substrates, among which (+)-catechin, catechol, caffeic acid, and chlorogenic acid yielded distinct oxidation products examined by reversed-phase HPLC chromatography method. Characterization of the products by LC-ESI/MS and UV-vis spectroscopy suggests the formation of dime...
Purification, characterization, and identification of a novel bifunctional catalase-phenol oxidase from Scytalidium thermophilum
Kocabas, Didem Sutay; Bakir, Ufuk; Phillips, Simon E. V.; McPherson, Michael J.; Ögel, Zümrüt Begüm (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2008-06-01)
A novel bifunctional catalase with an additional phenol oxidase activity was isolated from a thermophilic fungus, Scytalidium thermophilum. This extracellular enzyme was purified ca. 10-fold with 46% yield and was biochemically characterized. The enzyme contains heme and has a molecular weight of 320 kDa with four 80 kDa subunits and an isoelectric point of 5.0. Catalase and phenol oxidase activities were most stable at pH 7.0. The activation energies of catalase and phenol oxidase activities of the enzyme ...
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Bacilysin, as the simplest peptide antibiotic made up of only L-alanine and L-anticapsin, is produced and excreted by Bacillus subtilis under the control of quorum sensing. We analyzed bacilysin-nonproducing strain OGU1 which was obtained by bacA-targeted pMutin T3 insertion into the parental strain genome resulting in a genomic organization (bacA '::lacZ::erm::bacABCDEF) to form an IPTG-inducible bac operon. Although IPTG induction provided 3- to 5-fold increment in the transcription of bac operon genes, n...
Citation Formats
Z. B. Ögel et al., “Production, properties and application to biocatalysis of a novel extracellular alkaline phenol oxidase from the thermophilic fungus Scytalidium thermophilum,” APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, pp. 853–862, 2006, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: