Synthesis and characterization of epoxy based nanocomposites

Basara, G
Yılmazer, Ülkü
Bayram, Göknur
Epoxy-clay nanocomposites were synthesized to examine the effects of the content and type of different clays on the structure and mechanical properties of the nanocomposites. Diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A (epoxy) was reinforced by 0.5-11 wt % natural (Cloisite Na+) and organically modified (Cloisite 3013) types of montmorillonite. SEM results showed that as the clay content increased, larger agglomerates of clay were present. Nano-composites with Cloisite 30B exhibited better dispersion and a lower degree of agglomeration than nanocomposites with Cloisite Na+. X-ray results indicated that in nanocomposites with 3 wt % Cloisite 30B, d-spacing expanded from 18.4 angstrom (the initial value of the pure clay) to 38.2 angstrom. The glass transition temperature increased from 73 degrees C, in the unfilled epoxy resin, to 83.5 degrees C in the nanocomposite with 9 wt % Cloisite 30B. The tensile strength exhibited a maximum at I wt % modified clay loading. Addition of 0.5 wt % organically modified clay improved the impact strength of the epoxy resin by 137%; in contrast, addition of 0.5 wt % unmodified clay improved the impact strength by 72%. Tensile modulus increased with increasing clay loading in both types of nanocomposites. (c) 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Preparation and Characterization of Low Density Polyethylene/Ethylene Methyl Acrylate Glycidyl Methacrylate/Organoclay Nanocomposites
Coskunses, Fatma Isik; Yılmazer, Ülkü (Wiley, 2011-06-05)
The effects of organoclay type, compatibilizer, and the addition order of components during melt-blending process on the morphology and thermal, mechanical, and flow properties of ternary nanocomposites based on low-density polyethylene (LDPE) were investigated. As a compatibilizer, ethylene/methyl acrylate/glycidyl methacrylate (E-MA-GMA), as organoclays Cloisites (R) 15A, 25A, and 30B were used. All samples were prepared by a corotating twin screw extruder, followed by injection molding. The highest incre...
Synthesis and characterization of multi-hollow opaque polymer pigments
Asmaoglu, Serdar; Gündüz, Güngör; MAVİŞ, BORA; Colak, Uner (Wiley, 2016-08-05)
A new generation multihollow opaque polymer pigment was synthesized by suspension polymerization of water-in-oil-in-water emulsion method, where methyl methacrylate and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate monomer mixture was used as oil phase. The effects of surfactant and cosurfactant composition in terms of hydrophilic/lipophilic balance on the stability of the water-in-oil emulsion and the size of water droplets were studied. Low droplet sizes and the optimum stability were obtained with Span 80&Tween 80 surf...
Synthesis and Characterization of a New Conducting Polymer Based on 4-(2,5-di-2-thiophen-2-yl-pyrrol-1-yl)-phthalonitrile
Yavuz, Arzu; Bezgin, Buket; Önal, Ahmet Muhtar (Wiley, 2009-12-05)
A new conducting polymer was synthesized by electrochemical polymerization of 4-(2,5-di-2-thiophen-2-yl-pyrrol-1-yl)-2-phthalonitrile (SNS-PN). Electrochemical polymerization of SNS-PN was performed in acetonitrile/0.2M LiClO4 solvent/electrolyte couple. Characterizations of the resulting polymer P(SNS-PN) were carried out by cyclic voltammetry, UV-vis, and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopic techniques. Spectroelectrochemical studies revealed that P(SNS-PN) has an electronic band gap of 2.45 eV...
Synthesis and Characterization of 2-Hydroxyethyl Methacrylate (HEMA) and Methyl Methacrylate (MMA) Copolymer Used as Biomaterial
Vargun, Elif; SANKIR, MEHMET; Aran, Bengi; DEMİRCİ SANKIR, NURDAN; Usanmaz, Ali (Informa UK Limited, 2010-01-01)
A series of poly(methyl methacrylate-co-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PMMA-co-PHEMA), copolymers were synthesized by an emulsion polymerization technique. Copolymer compositions were determined by FT-IR and 1H-NMR spectroscopy. It was found that comonomer ratios used in the recipes were comparable within the actual copolymers. Glass transition temperatures (Tg) of PMMA-co-PHEMA copolymers were varied from 119 degrees C to 100 degrees C by increasing HEMA content. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that the cop...
Characterization and Electrical Conductivity of Poly(ethylene glycol)/Polyacrylonitrile/Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Composites
Aqeel, Salem M.; Kucukyavuz, Zuhal (Wiley, 2011-01-05)
Polymer blends based on poly(ethylene glycol), polyacrylonitrile, and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) were prepared by the solvent cast technique from the dispersion of the MWNTs in the concentration range 0-3.45 wt %. The interaction of the MWNTs with the polymer blend was confirmed by a Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy study. The thermal properties of the polymer blend with the MWNTs were carried out by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). It was evident from DSC that the p...
Citation Formats
G. Basara, Ü. Yılmazer, and G. Bayram, “Synthesis and characterization of epoxy based nanocomposites,” JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, pp. 1081–1086, 2005, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: