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Hydrogen generation from the hydrolysis of sodium borohydride by using water dispersible, hydrogenphosphate-stabilized nickel(0) nanoclusters as catalyst

Metin, Oender
Özkar, Saim
Water-dispersible nickel(0) nanoclusters are prepared from the reduction of nickel(II) acetylacetonate by sodium borchydride in aqueous solution and stabilized by hydrogerphosphate anion. Hydrogenphosphate-stabilized nickel(0) nanoclusters were characterized by using XPS, FT-IR, UV-Vis and NMR spectroscopic methods. As the first example of water-dispersible nickel(0) nanoclusters, they were employed as catalyst in the hydrolysis of sodium borohydride. Hydrogenphosphate-stabilized nickel(0) nanoclusters were found to be highly active catalyst even at room temperature, providing 1450 total turnovers in the hydrolysis of sodium borohydride over 4h before they are deactivated. The kinetics of the nickel(0) nanoclusters catalyzed hydrolysis of sodium borohydride was studied depending on the catalyst concentration, substrate concentration, stabilizer concentration and temperature. Hydrogenphosphate anion to nickel ratio of 1:1 was found to be optimum in terms of high catalytic activity and stability of the nickel(0) nanoclusters. Kinetic study shows that the nickel(0) nanocluster-catalyzed hydrolysis of sodium borohydride is first order in catalyst concentration and zero order in substrate concentration. The activation parameters of this reaction were also determined from the evaluation of the kinetic data. The hydrogenphosphate-stabilized nickel(0) nanoclusters provide a lower activation energy (E-a = 54 +/- 1kg mol(-1)) than bulk nickel (E-a = 73 kJ mol(-1)) for the hydrolysis of sodium borohydride. (C) 2006 International Association for Hydrogen Energy. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.