Geothermal Energy: Current Status in Turkey with EU Perspective

The world's growing energy demands carry the energy into an important stage. Crude oil will be able to supply increasing demand until peak world production is reached. Forecasts show that this peak time is about 2020. Turkey and the world will deplete economically recoverable fossil resources by the end of the 21st century. The energy gap caused by declining fossil resources has to be filled by expanding production of other sources. Geothermal energy is one of the most important options for filling this gap. Turkey is located in the Alp Himalayan Tectonic Belt and has high potential geothermally. In fact, Turkey is the seventh country in the world while the first country in Europe of the abundance of geothermal resources. In this article, the history and development of geothermal, its application, and current situations in the world and the situation in Turkey with European Union perspective are examined by giving the facts and statistical information for the last 10-year period.


GIS-based site selection methodology for hybrid renewable energy systems: A case study from western Turkey
Aydin, Nazli Yonca; Kentel Erdoğan, Elçin; Duzgun, H. Sebnem (Elsevier BV, 2013-06-01)
Renewable energy sources are presently being considered as alternatives to fossil fuels, because they are perpetual, environmentally friendly, and release negligible amounts of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere while producing energy. A disadvantage of renewable energy systems, however, is that continuous energy generation is not possible by using only one type of renewable energy system, since renewable energy resources depend on climate and weather conditions. Two or more renewable energy systems can be ...
Steam Reforming of ethanol over sol-gel-synthesized mixed oxide catalysts
Olcay, Hakan Önder; Üner, Deniz; Department of Chemical Engineering (2005)
Depletion in the reserves of fossil fuels, inefficient energy production from these fuels and the negative effect of their usage on atmosphere, and thereby, on human health have accelerated researches on clean energy. Hydrogen produced from ethanol when used in fuel cells not only generates efficient energy but also creates a closed carbon cycle in nature. ZnO and Cu/ZnO catalysts are known with their superior performance in alcohol synthesis. From the principle of microkinetic reversibility they are expect...
TASDEMIROGLU, E (Informa UK Limited, 1993-07-01)
This article begins with a brief review of the socioeconomic situation, energy resources, and energy consumptions in Turkey. The estimates for the sustainability years of fossil fuels and the potential of renewable energies are given. Hydropower, biomass, geothermal, solar, wind, wave, sea currents, and salt gradient are, in order of priority, listed among the renewable energy resources of the country. The importance of energy conservation is discussed in conjunction with the research results produced for t...
An experimental study on the CO2-CH4 swap process between gaseous CO2 and CH4 hydrate in porous media
Ors, Oytun; Sınayuç, Çağlar (Elsevier BV, 2014-07-01)
Recently, exhaustion of primary energy sources and increase in the atmospheric CO2 levels have become two major energy challenges of the world; therefore, utilization of alternative energy sources and avoiding the emission of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere are some of the serious problems of this century that should be addressed immediately. Many alternatives are being assessed to solve or at least to cease the negative effects of these issues.
Forecasting Nigeria's energy use by 2030, an econometric approach
Asumadu-Sarkodie, Samuel; Owusu, Phebe Asantewaa (Informa UK Limited, 2016-01-01)
The study examines the causal nexus between energy use, environmental pollution, GDP per capita, and urbanization in order to forecast Nigeria's energy use by 2030. Employing a time-series data spanning from 1971 to 2012, a linear regression analysis is used to examine the causal relationship among the study variables and subsequently forecasted Nigeria's energy use with the ARIMA and ETS models. Evidence from the study shows that a 1% increase in energy use increases carbon dioxide emissions by 3%, while a...
Citation Formats
C. Vardar Acar, “Geothermal Energy: Current Status in Turkey with EU Perspective,” ENERGY SOURCES PART B-ECONOMICS PLANNING AND POLICY, pp. 145–154, 2009, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: