Kaya, Tulin
This paper mainly focuses on the impact of the change in the political equilibrium in the East caused by the effects of the Arab invasions on the main communication routes in Byzantine Central Anatolia. Beginning in the 640s and continuing for over 150 years, these incursions had an impact on the ways in which major routes in and through the new frontier zone were used, reflecting in part the fact that during this period the Taurus mountain range constituted the natural frontier between the Byzantines and the Arabs. The main communication routes in Central Anatolia, which lie on the northwest-southeast axis, were of importance in terms of the changing role of the main urban centres established along them, since Arab attacks were directed at both major and minor urban and fortified centres in Central Anatolia, as the Byzantine and Arab sources mention. Although the main centres such as Ancyra and Dorylaion were affected by the attacks, these and most other major cities continued to exist throughout the period in question. In this regard, the continued existence of such centres determined the ways in which the major routes of communication were used. A study of the changes in the role and functions of the cities in central Anatolia may thus help to understand the use of the main routes, based on the archaeological, i.e. building structures, ceramics, etc., and textual evidence, including that from narrative sources.


Routes and communications in late Roman and Byzantine Anatolia (ca. 4th-9th centuries a.d.)
Kaya, Tülin; Özgenel, Lale; Department of Settlement Archaeology. (2020)
This study presents a framework to evaluate the impacts of administrative/political and economic structures of the late Roman and Byzantine period on the use of routes and status of cities in Asia Minor. The studies that looked at the dynamics of the era between the 4th-9th centuries argued the state of urbanism, via both literary and archaeological sources, and suggested ‘decline’, ‘transformation’ and ‘continuity’ or ‘discontinuity’ of the classical city. The period considered was dominated by military an...
The Policies of Nikephoros II Phokas in the context of the Byzantine economic recovery
Fattori, Niccolo; Dietrich, Richard; Department of Middle East Studies (2013)
This thesis will analyze the policies and the eastern military campaigns of the Byzantine emperor Nikephoros II Phokas, focusing on their correlation with the gradual recovery of the Byzantine economy that took place from the ninth to the eleventh century. The emperor’s conquering campaigns in Cilicia are seen as a response to the social and fiscal effects of said recovery, which caused the Byzantine state to assume a more aggressive stance.The thesis is structured in three parts, the first dealing with the...
The Political analysis of the Syrian crises and the zero-problem policy with Syria
Arslantaş, Şenol; Bölükbaşıoğlu, Süha; Department of International Relations (2013)
This thesis aims to analyze both the evolution of Turkish-Syrian relations during the period of the AKP governments and the emergence of the Syrian revolt in March 2010. With the popular revolts in many Arab countries starting in December 2010, Turkey’s general foreign policy vision, which had already undergone considerable changes from the traditional foreign policy of Turkey under the rule of the AKP government, was deeply affected by the Arab revolts. With the newly-emerged political and social conjunctu...
Understanding the new activism of Turkey in the Middle East: Turkey as an emerging soft power
Şenol, Aylin; Yurdusev, Ahmet Nuri; Department of International Relations (2010)
This thesis will examine the transformation in the Turkish foreign policy towards the Middle East and evaluate the relevance of “soft power” term for describing Turkey’s new activism in the region. Since the establishment of the Turkish Republic, Turkey has aligned itself with the Western world so that this alignment has been the main determinant of its relations with the non-Western world. The Middle East was not an exception in this process. After decades of remaining aloof from the Middle Eastern affairs...
Explaining cold peace in the Middle East: the cases of Egyptian-Israeli and Jordanian-Israeli peace processes
Sütalan, Zeynep; Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem; Department of International Relations (2015)
This thesis analyzes the Egyptian-Israeli and Jordanian-Israeli peace processes in terms of peace-making, the nature of the peace treaties, and peace-sustaining from the Arab perspective. These peace processes have not gone much further than ‘cold peace’ dashing the hopes for a ‘real peace’ in the region. This thesis argues that the ‘cold peace’ phenomenon evident in the cases of Egyptian-Israeli and Jordanian-Israeli peace processes is the reflection of the autonomy of the state since the authoritarian sta...
Citation Formats
T. Kaya, “UNDERSTANDING THE USE OF BYZANTINE ROUTES IN CENTRAL ANATOLIA (CA. 7TH-9TH CENTURIES),” STUDIA CERANEA, pp. 259–278, 2019, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/63572.