Middle Palaeolithic land use in Dutch and Belgian Limburg: Integrating data from surface sites

Glauberman, Philip J.
The European Middle Palaeolithic archaeological database is rich, but is biased towards evidence that originates in stratified sites. In many river catchments, prevalent and often ignored evidence for Middle Palaeolithic occupation is found in palimpsest lithic assemblages on the surface. By way of a case study, this paper addresses the problem of how to integrate lithic artifact assemblage data from such contexts to complement an often unbalanced picture of long-term land use. Analysis of a sample of Middle Palaeolithic surface assemblages from south-southwest facing edges of plateaus and terraces in Dutch and Belgian Limburg yields data suitable for comparison and integration with those from stratified assemblages associated with the wider Maas River valley floor. Sample size and artifact class diversity relationships account for sample size effects and numerically summarize patterns of inter-site fragmentation of core reduction sequences and differential artifact discard, arguably indicators of regional mobility and land use. Variability in artifact class diversity among assemblages also indicates differences in site occupational frequency. When viewed from a long-term diachronic perspective, integrated evidence from cumulative and spatial palimpsests suggests that land use behavior was complex, dynamic, and varied according to topographic factors in the research area. Lack of chronological resolution, variable site formation processes and conditions of artifact recovery complicate detailed interpretation of land use patterns. Despite these problems, results suggest that throughout the Middle Palaeolithic in the research area some plateau and terrace localities were 'persistent places' frequently re-occupied for a variety of purposes, while other similarly situated sites and localities more closely associated with river and stream valleys appear to have been occupied less frequently for a more limited range of activities. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. All rights reserved.


High-altitude Plio-Quaternary fluvial deposits and their implication on the tilt of a horst, western Anatolia, Turkey
Süzen, Mehmet Lütfi; Rojay, B (Elsevier BV, 2006-03-01)
This study investigates the origin and regional tectonic implications of high-altitude Plio (?)-Quaternary fluvial deposits developed over the Bozdak horst which is an important structural element within the horst-graben system of western Anatolia, Turkey. A total of 23 deposits occur near the modem drainage divide comprising fluvial to occasionally lacustrine deposits. The deposits are all elongated in N-S direction with a width/length ratio of 1/10. The largest of them is of 13 km in length with a maximum...
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This paper focuses on the relation between two significant geomorphic features of the western Taurides: the Antalya Tufa Plateau and the structural Kestel polje system; revealing morphotectonic records of the formation and evolution of karst hydrology between the two features. Data were obtained by detailed mapping of faults, rocks, and geomorphic features. The evolutionary history of the area begins with a nearly E-W-trending drainage system which flowed on the erosional surfaces formed during late Langhia...
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The Beypazari granitoid is emplaced in a Late Cretaceous volcanic arc in north central Turkey and provides evidence for processes that occurred during the closure of the Neo-Tethys Ocean. Zircons from its northern granodiorite and quartz monzonite exposure are dated in rock thin section and display characteristic igneous zoning in cathodoluminescence (CL). Its oldest Late Cretaceous ages (95.4 +/- 4.2-91.3 +/- 6.5 Ma, U-238/Pb-206, +/- 1 sigma) time early crystallization from rising melts, but inspection of...
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The Burdur Basin is a late Miocene to Pliocene fluvio-lacustrine basin in SW Anatolia. It is developed within the postulated Fethiye-Burdur Fault Zone, which was argued to be a sinistral strike-slip fault zone developed in response to propagation of the Pliny-Strabo STEP fault into SW Anatolia (Turkey). In order to assess the presence and tectonic characteristics of the fault zone, we conducted a paleomagnetic study in the Burdur basin that involved rock magnetic experiments, Anisotropy of Magnetic Suscepti...
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Citation Formats
P. J. Glauberman, “Middle Palaeolithic land use in Dutch and Belgian Limburg: Integrating data from surface sites,” 2016, vol. 411, p. 198, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/63872.