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It Is Pull-and-Push that Matters for External Europeanization! Explaining Minority Policy Change in Turkey

Yilmaz, Gozde
Starting with an empirical puzzle, i.e. the variation in minority-related change in Turkey across time, this article aims to uncover the conditions that promote or constrain domestic change and puts forward a comprehensive theoretical framework for external Europeanization. The article draws on current external Europeanization theories and suggests adopting the pull-and-push model of member state Europeanization in external Europeanization. It argues that domestic change - Turkey's minority policy change in the empirical case - depends on the combination and interaction of EU push and domestic pull factors.