Preparation of lead zirconate titanate (Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O-3) by homogeneous precipitation and calcination

Oren, EE
Tas, AC
Aqueous solutions of lead chloride (PbCl2), zirconium oxychloride (ZrOCl2.8H(2)O) and titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4), in appropriate volumetric amounts, were used as the starting materials in the synthesis of phase-pure Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O-3 powders. Preparation of the phase-pure PZT powders were achieved, in the presence of urea (CH4N2O), by the chemical powder synthesis route of homogeneous precipitation.


Preparation of lead zirconate titanate (Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O-3) by homogeneous precipitation and calcination
Tas, AC (1999-06-01)
Preparation of phase-pure PZT (Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O-3) powders was achieved, in the presence of urea (CH4N2O), by homogeneous precipitation. Aqueous solutions of PbCl2, ZrOCl2. 8H(2)O, and TiCl4 were used as the starting materials in the synthesis of phase-pure PZT powders. Phase evolution behavior of precursor powders was studied by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) in air, over the temperature range of 90 degrees to 750 degrees C. The morphology of the formed powders was studied by scanning electron microscopy ...
Extraction of some transition metals with N,N-dibutyl-N '-benzoylthiourea into molten paraffin at 65 degrees C
Merdivan, M; Gungor, A; Savasci, S; Aygün, Rüveyde Sezer (2000-10-02)
The solid-liquid extraction behaviour of some transition metals (Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II)) by the use of N,N-dibutyl-N'-benzoylthiourea as an extractant in paraffin (58-60 degrees C) has been investigated at 65.0 +/- 0.5 degrees C. The effect of equilibration time, pH of the aqueous phase, concentration of extractant and solid solvent used on the extraction efficiency of these metals have been discussed. The interferences of various ions are examined. The method has been applied to the dete...
Preparation and microstructure of sol-gel derived silver-doped silica
Akkopru, Betul; Durucan, Caner (2007-08-01)
Silver-doped silica was prepared by hydrolysis and condensation of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS, Si(OC2H5)(4)) in the presence of a silver nitrate (AgNO3) solution by two different synthesis methods. In the first synthesis route, sol-gel mixtures were prepared using an acid catalyst. In the second synthesis route, silver-doped silica gels were formed by two-step acid/base catalysis. For the same concentration of silver dopant [AgNO3]/[TEOS] = 0.015 acid-catalyzed sol-gel formed a microporous silica with a...
Synthesis, characterization, and electrochromic properties of conducting copolymers of 2-[(3-thienylcarbonyl)oxy]ethyl 3-thiophene carboxylate with thiophene and pyrrole
Bulut, U; Alkan, S; Yilmaz, F; Yagci, Y; Toppare, Levent Kamil (Informa UK Limited, 2004-07-01)
2-[(3-Thienylcarbonyl)oxy]ethyl 3-thiophene carboxylate (TOET) was synthesized via the reaction of 3-thionylcarboxylic acid with ethylene glycol, and electrochemically polymerized with thiophene (Th) and pyrrole (Py) by using tetrabutylannnonium tetrafluoroborate (TBAFB) as the supporting electrolyte in acetonitrile (ACN). Characterization of the resulting copolymers were performed via cyclic voltammetry, FTIR, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Electrical conductivities are measured by the four-probe ...
Effect of calcium carbonate addition on carbothermic formation of hexagonal boron nitride
ÇAMURLU, HASAN ERDEM; SEVİNÇ, NACİ; Topkaya, Yavuz Ali (Elsevier BV, 2008-01-01)
Effect of CaCO3 on formation of hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) was investigated by holding CaCO3 free and CaCO3 added activated carbon-boric oxide mixtures under nitrogen atmosphere at 1500 degrees C for 30-120 min. Amount of CaCO3 addition was varied in the range of 0-50 wt.% of the initial mixture. Products were characterized by powder X-ray diffractometry, FT-IR analysis, quantitative chemical analysis, scanning electron microscopy and BET specific surface area analysis. It was observed that calcium carb...
Citation Formats
E. Oren and A. Tas, “Preparation of lead zirconate titanate (Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O-3) by homogeneous precipitation and calcination,” 1998, vol. 100, p. 105, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: