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Polarisation insensitive tunable metamaterial perfect absorber for solar cells applications

Rufangura, Patrick
Sabah, Cumali
Developing a perfect absorber based on metamaterials (MTMs) is a promising technique towards improving the efficiency of solar photovoltaic cells. In this study, a novel MTM-based perfect absorber (MPA) is proposed for solar cell applications, which exhibits an excellent single-band with high absorption rate of 99.7% in visible frequency regime (resonance frequency of 614.4 THz) with an outstanding absorption bandwidth of 15.5%. The proposed design presents a high symmetry flexibility which makes it easy to fabricate. Besides, the simulation results for the defined different incident angles and different polarisation (transverse electric and transverse magnetic) confirm the quality of the proposed design by showing how insensitive it is to both the defined incident angles (normal and oblique incident) and different polarisation angles of electromagnetic wave. The parametric study on dielectric spacer shows the tunability characteristic of an intended MPA structure. The proposed MPA design is a good candidate for fabrication of high-efficiency solar cell operating in a visible frequency range.