Procedure for determining seismic vulnerability of building structures

Gulkan, P
Sozen, MA
A rationalization for ranking reinforced concrete frame buildings with masonry infill walls with regard to seismic vulnerability is presented The method essentially requires only the dimensions of the structure as input, and is expressed in terms of where its attributes are located in a two-dimensional plot of masonry wall and column percentages. It is shown that increasing drift at the ground story (which is a reasonable expression of increasing vulnerability) is attained by decreasing either attribute It is shown that a more robust estimate of the contribution of the filler wall to frame stiffness should be based on the compression-tension strength of its mortar rather than the elastic modulus, either of the masonry or of the mortar.


A numerical procedure for the nonlinear analysis of reinforced concrete frames with infill walls
Güney, Murat Efe; Polat, Mustafa Uğur; Department of Civil Engineering (2005)
Materially non-linear analysis of reinforced concrete frame structures with infill walls requires appropriate mathematical models to be adopted for the beams and the columns as well as the infill walls. This study presents a mathematical model for frame elements based on a 3D Hermitian beam/column finite element and an equivalent strut model for the infill walls. The spread-of-plasticity approach is employed to model the material nonlinearity of the frame elements. The cross-section of the frame element is ...
Quantifying seismic design criteria for concrete buildings
Tüken, Ahmet; Atımtay, Ergin; Department of Civil Engineering (2004)
The amount of total and relative sway of a framed or a composite (frame-shear wall) building is of utmost importance in assessing the seismic resistance of the building. Therefore, the design engineer must calculate the sway profile of the building several times during the design process. However, it is not a simple task to calculate the sway of a three-dimensional structure. Of course, computer programs can do the job, but developing the three-dimensional model becomes necessary, which is obviously tedious...
A detailed analysis for evaluation of the degradation characteristics of simple structural systems
Kurtman, Burak; Erberik, Murat Altuğ; Department of Civil Engineering (2007)
Deterioration in the mechanical properties of concrete, masonry and steel structures are usually observed under repeated cyclic loading in the inelastic response range. Therefore such a behavior becomes critical when these types of structures are subjected to ground motions with specific characteristics. The objective of this study is to address the influence of degrading behavior on simple systems. The Structural Performance Database on the PEER web site, which contains the results of cyclic, lateral-load ...
Evaluation of the Predictive Models for Stiffness, Strength, and Deformation Capacity of RC Frames with Masonry Infill Walls
Turgay, Tahsin; Durmus, Meril Cigdem; Binici, Barış; Ozcebe, Guney (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2014-10-01)
Buildings with masonry infill walls (MIWs) in reinforced concrete (RC) frames are commonly used all around the world. It is well known that infill walls may affect the strength, stiffness, and displacement ductility of the structural system. Different approaches have been adopted in different codes and guidelines to consider the stiffness and strength contribution of MIWs on RC frame behavior. This study compares the ability of the existing guidelines to estimate stiffness, strength, and deformability of RC...
ELMEZAINI, N; CITIPITIOGLU, E (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 1991-10-01)
A practical and powerful technique for the discrete representation of reinforcement in finite element analysis of prestressed and reinforced concrete structures is presented. Isoparametric quadratic and cubic finite elements with movable nodes are developed utilizing a correction technique for mapping distortion. Reinforcing bars and/or prestressing tendons are modeled independently of the concrete mesh. Perfect or no bond as well as any bond-slip model can easily be represented. The procedure is succes...
Citation Formats
P. Gulkan and M. Sozen, “Procedure for determining seismic vulnerability of building structures,” ACI STRUCTURAL JOURNAL, pp. 336–342, 1999, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: